Since 2015 UN-Habitat provides technical assistance to the national and local government of Sao Tome and Principe on Policies, Plans and Strategies related to Housing, Sustainable Urban Development, Slum Upgrading and Urban Resilience for climate change.

More specifically, UN-Habitat works to promote the urban resilience, improve of informal settlements and promote of a more equitable urban development, through the development of infrastructure and basic urban services. UN-Habitat also works to transform Sao Tome and Principe cities into climate resilient and inclusive urban centres.


Following the global trend of growth, the urban population rate in Sao Tome and Principe is now 72.8%, 1 quarter of the inhabitants, approximately 56 thousand inhabitants, are living in Sao Tome, the capital of the country. In Island of Principe has an area of 142 km2 and a young population of approximately 8,400 inhabitants.

According to INE - National Institute of Statistics, 94% of the population has access to drinking water and 42% have access to basic sanitation. It is also noted that 60% of this population has access to the electricity grid.

Urban numbers
Urban Population (2018): 72.8%
Urban Growth Rate (2015-2020): 3.33%
The urban population annual growth rate is 3.41%

Leaving no one and no place behind

Hover over or click the icons to learn about UN-Habitat's work on social inclusion here.

The prioritisation of human rights addresses the structural causes of inequalities and discrimination in an integrated manner. Urbanisation can only be sustainable if it is human rights based, and living conditions can only be improved for all if everyone’s human rights are comprehensively promoted and protected. UN-Habitat applies the Human-Rights Based Approach to address inequalities and discrimination, reaching the furthest behind first by placing power relationships in human settlements at the heart of its analysis and action.

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Men and women, boys and girls experience cities in very different ways, and face various challenges and needs that cities have to address. UN-Habitat promotes the stronger commitment of national and local governments as well as other relevant stakeholders to work towards the realization of a world in which men and women are recognized as equal partners in development and enjoy equal human rights so that economically productive, socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable cities and other human settlements can be achieved more rapidly, completely and sustainably.

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Donors and partners

The success of UN-Habitat’s work in Sao Tome and Principe is dependent on a number of successful partnerships. Through the programme, UN-Habitat identifies and mobilizes diverse international and local partners who can contribute to several initiatives promoted by the Agency in the country.


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