• Total value of UN-Habitat investments (2008-2013): US$ 10,119,166
  • Total number of UN-Habitat projects (2008-2013): 8 projects
  • Main donors: Fundacao Vale, Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro (PCRJ), Fundacao Euclides da CUNHA (FEC), BASF Social Foundation (Germany), MDG Fund (Spain-UNDP), Brazil, Instituto Pereira Passos, FSADU
  • Implementing partners: ILO, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, and UNIFEM, The Special Secretariat of Policies for Women (SPM), the Special Secretariat for Policies to Promote Racial Equality (SEPPIR), Organizations of civil society (OCSs), especially those linked to movements of feminists, and of young and black women, PETROBAS, Federal Fluminense University (UFF) & FEC, Municipalities, Brazilian Government agencies and ministries

 

General information

Capital: Brasilia Major cities: Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza, Brasilia, Curitiba, Recife, Porto Alegre, Manaus

 

  • Population: 198.7 Million
  • GDP: US$2.253 Billion
  • GDP growth: 0.9%
  • Urban population (annual %): 85%
  • Population growth rate (average annual %): 0.9%
  • Urban population growth rate (average annual %): 1.2%
  • Rural population growth rate (average annual %): -0.9%

Source: World Bank 2012

UN-Habitat projects in Brazil

 

Analysis of energy consumption & energy efficiency in informal settlements of developing countries

Objective of the project

To establish the level of energy access in informal settlements; make recommendations on appropriate energy services as well us come up with interventions to improve the quality of life in informal settlements within developing countries.

Service sectors covered by the project include: energy access, buildings, academia, policy and legislation, housing finance.

  • Duration: 3 October 2013 to 31 December 2016
  • Value: EUR 15,000
  • Donor: Fondozione Politecnico di Milano, and UN-Habitat,
  • Implementing Partners: Fondozione Politecnico di Milano and UN-Habitat

 

Promoting Urban Low Emission Development Strategies (Urban LEDS)

The Project was initiated to support innovative strategies in addressing the urban dimension of climate change in cities in emerging economies. The objective of the Project was to enhance the transition to low emission urban development. In Brazil it supported two Model Cities, Fortaleza and Recife, as well as six Satellite Cities. The Brazil cities successfully integrating LED methods, design and products into city improvement initiatives that were part of strategy development. Innovative initiatives included the integration of the cities’ water bodies in the city development plans and strategies, green building policies and product development, awareness of the politics and science of climate change, and training to carry out emissions inventories to comply with the new Global Protocol on Community-Scale GHG Emission Inventories. To reduce emissions, the public transport system in Recife was diversified to include river transport, bike lanes, bus corridors and bike sharing stations.

  • Duration:March 2012-March 2016
  • Value:€ 6.700.000 (Multi-country)
  • Donor:European Commision
  • Implementing Partners: National government,respective local governments,ICLEIFor further information ,please click here

 

 

 

Inter-Agency Programme for Promotion of Gender and Racial/Ethnic Equality     (i) Enhancement of crosscutting themes of gender and race in policies, programmes, & public services considering the gender equality as an important element in human settlements development ; (ii) Capacity building at the sub-national level, to strengthen and integrate actions aimed at promoting gender and racial equality.

  • Duration: 3.5 years (Jun 2009 - Dec 2012)
  • Value: US$ 170,677
  • Donor: MDG Fund (Spain)
  • Location: National level
  • Implementing partners: ILO, UNDP, UNFPA, UN-HABITAT, UNICEF, and UNIFEM, SPM, SEPPIR, Organizations of civil society (OCSs), especially those linked to movements of feminists, and of young and black women.

  Strengthening activities of the Youth and Gender Assemblies     To strengthen UN-HABITAT visibility regarding the work done by the Agency related to youth and gender at the WUF5.

  • Duration: 1 month (Nov 2010 - Dec 2010)
  • Value: US$ 107,000
  • Donor: Fundacao Vale

  Regional Urban Observatory in the Eastern Fluminense     To contribute to sustainable and inclusive development of the area by the COMPERJ enterprise, strengthen the local competences for decision making and implementation of public policies, facilitating poverty reduction, through promotion and capacity development of how to use the MDGs and the principles of the Global Compact in policy development

  • Duration: 4 years (Jan 2008 - Dec 2011)
  • Value: US$ 329,433
  • Donor: Fundacao Euclides da CUNHA (FEC)
  • Location: the eleven municipalities of CONLESTE
  • Implementing partners: PETROBAS, Federal Fluminense University (UFF) & FEC

  Support to Community Development and Youth Entrepreneurship in Vila Brasilandia, Municipality of Sao Paulo, Brazil   To support  Community Development and Youth Entrepreneurship in Vila Brasilandia, Municipality of Sao Paulo, Brazil

  • Duration: 4 years (May 2009 - Jun 2013)
  • Value: US$ 234,450
  • Donor: BASF Social Foundation (Germany)
  • Location: Community of Vila Brasilandia, Sao Paulo
  • Implementing partners: (i) the community of Vila Brasilandia, (ii) BASF Social Foundation (BSF), (iii) BASF S.A., in Sao Paulo, Brazil, (iv) the Municipality of Sao Paulo (PCSP), through the Municipal Secretariat for Housing (SMH), (v) the Government of the State of Sao Paulo (GESP), (vi) SEBRAE, Real Bank

  Contribution to the UN Joint Programme "Security with Citizenship in Brazilian Communities"     Reduction of the violence that affects children,youth, and adolescents in a situation of vulnerability.

  • Duration: 3 years (Jul 2010 - Jun 2013)
  • Value: US$ 728,148
  • Donor: MDG Fund (Spain-UNDP)
  • Implementing partners: UNCT Brazil, UNDP, UNODC, UNICEF, UNESCO, ILO,

  Social Reintegration of 30 Pacified Favelas - Safer Rio     To support the implementation of UPP (Pacifying Police Units) Developing and implementing methodologies for participatory planning and knowledge management.

  • Duration: 3 years (Jun 2011 - Jul 2014)
  • Value: US$ 7,673,504
  • Donor: Brazil, Instituto Pereira Passos, Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro
  • Location: Rio de Janeiro (30 identified slum areas)
  • Implementing partners: Instituto Pereira Passos, Rio de Janeiro municipality

  Monitoring the MDGs at the municipal level in the states of Rio de Janeiro and Maranhao and strengthening local capacities on public policies   To contribute to local sustainable development in the municipalities identified, where large-scale petrochemical industrial activities are being built. To monitor the impact of the installation of the petrochemical complex COMPERJ  in Itaboraí (State of Rio de Janeiro) and of the refinery Premium I in Bacabeira (State of Maranhão) on the basis of local targets and indicators of the MDGs. To support the implementation of public policies, plans and programs and make possible for Petrobras to monitor the impacts of its industrial activities

  • Duration: 1.5 years (Dec 2011 - Jun 2013)
  • Value: US$ 584,458
  • Donor: Fundacao Euclides da CUNHA (FEC) & FSADU
  • Location: 11 municipalities in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Cachoeiras de Macacu, Casimiro de Abreu, Guapimirim, Itaboraí, Magé, Maricá, Niterói, Rio Bonito, São Gonçalo, Silva Jardim and Tanguá. 4 municipalities in the Sate of Maranhão, Brazil: Bacabeira, Rosário, Santa Rita and São Luis

  Impact of Economic Development on Urbanization Process in Brazil     To document and inform the development of a platform for dialogue (mainly during Rio + 20 and the World Urban Forum) on sustainable and inclusive cities in rapid exonomic growth contexts, generating opportunites and challenges for sustainable urban development.

  • Duration: 2.5 years (May 2012 - Dec 2014)
  • Value: US$ 291,496
  • Donor: Brazil
  • Implementing partners: Brazilian Ministry of Cities & Ministry of Environment, ABC Brazilian Agency for Cooperation/ Ministry of Foreign Affairs

 

Overview

Since 1996, UN-Habitat is based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with its Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean. Since 1996, UN-Habitat’s role has been to support sustainable urban development and right to housing in Brazil, as well as to disseminate the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the principles of the New Urban Agenda. For over 20 years, the office in Brazil has been implementing projects promoted and funded by international donors and/or the beneficiaries themselves in a broad range of areas: informal settlements, sustainable energy, mobility, urban planning, open data, climate action, public spaces, urban indicators, urban legislation, youth, resilience, urban services and others.

Overview
Population (2018)
210.87 million
Total value of projects
US$ 4,937,472
No. of projects (2014 - 2019)
Total: 5

Brazil has 87% of its people living in cities, and the country is the tenth most unequal country in the world, presenting a growing rate of poverty (26.5%) and extreme poverty (7.4%). Although poverty rates are globally and regionally higher in rural areas, Brazilian poverty has a predominantly urban face with 72% of the poor living in urban areas and 6.9% of urban population lives at informal settlements* (up to 22.15% in Rio de Janeiro and 54.47% in Belém); if inadequate housing is considered, the indicator will reach 41.4%.

Most of its urban problems are related to unequal distribution of income and the unplanned and rapid urbanization, highly concentrated in the Brazilian coast (urban population is concentrated in only 0.63% of the national territory). Both aspects help to increase rates of housing deficit and violence: housing deficit of approximately 6.5 million houses, although there are approximately 8 million empty houses; 153 violent deaths per day in the last 10 years – violent deaths were responsible for more than 50% of 15-19-year-old deaths. The scenario of extensive inequality and informality hinders the access to services such as sewage, water supply and waste collection, as well as impacting mobility, therefore causing major consequences for the environment and quality of life in the Brazilian cities.

Impact
Infrastructure and services deficit mapped in around 150 informal settlements to orientate public policies.
More than 700 thousand inhabitants benefited from municipal actions in 208 communities in Rio de Janeiro, as a result of data-oriented public policies with a territorial and integrated perspective.
Over 40 municipalities and 1 state in Brazil had their City Prosperity Index (CPI) calculated.
Urban numbers
8.27 million Brazilians living in risk areas (approximately 9%). However, only 30.6% local governments adopt and implement strategies for disaster risk reduction (2013/2018)
41.4% of the urban population lives in informal and precarious settlements and inadequate housing (2010).
Rio de Janeiro is the 8th most vulnerable city in the world and São Paulo the 12th.
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Martilla Ortiz - Undersecretary of Planning

"By participating in the project 'Public Responsibility Systems to measure, monitor and inform about sustainable urban policies in Latin America', the Municipality of Niterói has benefited in several ways. I would highlight the opportunity to exchange projects related to transparency, participation and sustainability with cities in Peru and Bolivia, the support of UN-Habitat team to carry out the linkage of the strategic planning of Niterói to the SDGs and the support to the creation of an innovation lab within our School of Government and Management."

Marília Ortiz, Undersecretary of Planning

Leaving no one and no place behind

Hover over or click the icons to learn about UN-Habitat's work on social inclusion here.

The territorial dimension of the human right to adequate housing and the right to an adequate standard of living (Article 11.1 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) is of central importance for the enjoyment of other economic, social and cultural rights in cities. This is why UN-Habitat puts those human rights at the core its projects in Brazil.

Additionally, the Brazilian Constitution establishes national social rights such as “education, health, food, work, housing, leisure, security, social assistance, protection to maternity and childhood, assistance to the vulnerable” (Article 6 of the 1988 Federal Constitution). Moreover, the City Statute, drawn up by in 2001, promotes "the full development of the social functions of the city [to] guarantee the well-being of its inhabitants" (Article 182). This legislation is guided by the objective of allowing that every inhabitant may enjoy all the benefits of urban benefits and opportunities equally and without discrimination.

This legal-urban framework is an enabler for the work of UN-Habitat in the country since it recognizes the social function of land and promotes the provision of land access and equity in urban areas.

Human rights icon

Women Safety Audits, an UN-Habitat methodology focused on the reflections on the specificities of the experience of urban violence experienced by women, was applied to the urban security dimension of the project in Alagoas. The audits identified the factors that lead to insecurity among women to later make a diagnosis about these conditions and transform it into a tool to claim for specific policies.

Gender icon

By adopting the methodology of Block by Block, that uses the game Minecraft for participatory planning of public spaces, children, young people and elderly participated in workshops in 3 cities in Brazil and helped build a proposal for the reform of these selected public spaces. This allowed for the inclusion of diverse perspectives and demands from the community for the same space.

Children icon

Sustainable urban development can only be achieved if persons with disabilities are included meaningfully in decision-making and are able to access their rights. UN-Habitat partners with representative groups and individual rights holders, as well as national and local governments, relevant UN bodies and civil society to maximize impact and to meaningfully ensure that the rights including accessibility and universal design of persons with disabilities are promoted, respected and protected. 

Disability icon

Donors and partners

Most of the projects in Brazil are technical assistance undertaken through partnerships with municipalities and state governments in a diverse range of urban themes. In many of those projects, academia has an important role on providing evidences through specialised research, collecting data and monitoring indicators; while civil society has been essential to guarantee participatory processes and mobilising groups or communities. Throughout the years, strong relationship with the national government and nationwide organizations has also been crucial to raise awareness and support urban and regional development policies and initiatives on a federal level. Partnerships with the private sector has been important to support social responsibility initiatives and disseminate global agenda.

Contact

Alain Grimard
International Senior Human Settlements Officer - SHSO
Rio de Janeiro/Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (Brazil and Southern Cone)

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