UN-Habitat is committed with the Government of Guinea to foster Urban development and Sanitation. The Programme for Urban Development and Sanitation in Guinea (SANITA) Sustainable Cities aims at strengthening urban governance at the local and national level through (a) a participatory improvement of the legal, regulatory and institutional framework for urban development at the national level and in particular in the city of Conakry; and (b) the strengthening of institutional capacities and stakeholder skills in the development and implementation of urban and territorial policy and planning documents through a participatory approach, taking into account gender issues.
The success of the SANITA Sustainable Cities and Towns programme depends largely on collaboration with institutions responsible for developing, implementing, monitoring and evaluating urban policies. As such, UN-Habitat favours close cooperation with stakeholders in all project activities, but also capacity building, skills and technology transfer. Finally, this project would only serve to nothing without the genuine involvement of communities whose support and transformation of mentalities are a guarantee of the transformation of the urban landscape in Guinea.
Guinea has an urbanization rate that is in line with the average population in Africa: 37% in 2014 according to United Nations reports (UNDESA, 2014). This figure, which was 28% in 1990, is expected to rise to 56% in 2050, i.e. the estimated urban population of 4.4 million in 2014 will increase by 67.9% and is expected to reach 13.7 million in 2050 (UNDESA, 2014).
The country is moving towards its urban transition and must therefore prepare itself. To this end, appropriate measures must be taken, implemented and regularly monitored by the authorities and the population to improve the ongoing urbanization process, both in Conakry and in secondary or tertiary cities and villages, most of them in an uncontrolled manner.
UN-Habitat is currently implementing several projects in the Republic of Guinea:
- Youth Promotion Initiative (YPI): The project aims to reduce insecurity at night-time and urban violence by mobilizing young people in developing and securing of their communities through labour intensive work and income generating activities.
- SANITA - Sustainable cities: The main objective of this project is to strengthen urban governance at the local and national level; to Improve the health, environment and quality of life of urban populations, particularly in Conakry and Kindia and improve access to basic sanitation services for urban populations in the Conakry and Kindia districts with the support of the UN-Habitat.
Support to improve the governance of police services in Guinea.