• Total value of UN-Habitat investments (2008-2013): US$ 202,500
  • Total number of UN-Habitat projects (2008-2013): 1 project
  • Main donors: IBRD/World Bank
  • Implementing partners: National Institutes or Offices for Disaster Risk Management of Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique and Union of Comoros; UNISDR; European Union; ECHO; GFDRR; World Bank; FAO; OCHA; Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) DRR Unit; various academic institutions and NGOs operating in southern Africa

General information

Capital: Moroni

Major cities: Grande Comore, Moutsamoudou, Fomboni, Domoni, Sima, Ouani, Mirontsi, Mkiriwadjumoi, Koni-Djodjo, Moya

  • Population: 717,500
  • GDP: US$595.9 Million
  • GDP growth: 3.0%
  • Urban population (annual %): 28%
  • Population growth rate (average annual %): 2.4%
  • Urban population growth rate (average annual %): 2.8%
  • Rural population growth rate (average annual %): 2.3%

Source: World Bank 2012

UN-Habitat projects in Comoros

Support the Establishment of a Technical Centre for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation for Southern Africa (DIMSUR)    

The main project objective is to support the establishment of the DIMSUR with the mandate of providing DRR and CCA assistance and knowledge to address the needs of national programmes, and therefore reduce the vulnerability and build the resilience of communities to natural hazards.    

  • Duration: July 2013 - June 2015    
  • Value: US$ 202,500
  • Donor: IBRD/World Bank   
  • Implementing partners: national institutes or offices for disaster risk management of Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique and Union of Comoros; UNISDR; European Union; ECHO; GFDRR; World Bank; FAO; OCHA; Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) DRR Unit; various academic institutions and NGOs operating in southern Africa    
  • Location: regional project in Comoros, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique

Overview

UN-Habitat has an active role in the Union of Comoros since 2012, regarding projects related to urban resilience, urban planning, policy and post-disaster recovery. The Union of Comoros is composed by small islands and is located in an area prone to natural hazards, making urban settlements even more vulnerable in this country.

UN-Habitat works in close relationship with the government of Comores, through MATUAFTT (Ministère de l’Aménagement du Territoire, de l’Urbanisme, chargé des affaires Foncières et des Transports et des Terres de l’Union), as per the Memorandum of Understanding signed in 2020. UN-Habitat has since 2017 developed a strong partnership with 2 local authorities, through the implementation of the Plan d’Aménagement du Grand Moroni and the City RAP programme for resilient urban planning.

UN-Habitat works directly with the DGSC (Direction Générale de la Sécurité Civile), for matters related to disaster risk management and climate change adaptation. This relation is mainstreamed in the scope of the DiMSUR (Disaster Risk Management, Sustainability and Urban Resilience).

Overview
Population (2018)
831,351
Total value of projects
US$ 3,000,000
No. of projects (2018 - 2019)
Total: 1

The Union of Comoros is included on the SIDS (Small Islands Developing States) and presents a unique biodiversity. The main island of Grand Comore is built on an active volcano, with most cities located on the coast, trapped between the volcano and sea.

Currently 70% of the population is living in informal settlements vulnerable to hazards, such as cyclones, earthquakes, landslide, flooding and sea level rise, phenomenon that is potentialized by the lack of urban planning and endorsement of DRM rules and regulations at national and city level.

City Resilience Frameworks for Action: The main cities of the Union of Comoros (Moroni and Fomboni) received the participatory planning approach to build City Resilient Action Plans. This process is inclusive and integrates several stakeholders from the municipal level (local communities, municipal focal points, non-governmental organizations.

The UN-Habitat assisted in the building of Urban Climate Resilience in south-Eastern Africa Adaptation Fund (Adaptation Fund), implementation of CityRAP in Moroni (2018) and Fomboni (2019), the development of a Climate Change Mitigation Action Plan (2019) and the Moroni Climate Change Adaptation Plan (2019).

In 2020, activities related to the implementation of the Adaptation Fund will take place in Comoros, more specifically in Moroni, regarding improved drainage, water supply, support for waste management and early alert system for flooding. Components for the national level in terms of tools and guideline for disaster risk management will also be developed.

UN-Habitat is also developing a World Bank proposal for the post-cyclone Kenneth reconstruction, in partnership with the Government. The project aims to support the Ministry of Spatial Planning, Town Planning and Housing to implement the activities defined in the framework of post-Kenneth reconstruction and the resilience project, mainly in terms of institutional strengthening, planning and construction standard, as well as the

Impact
Two (2) main cities of the Union of Comoros (Moroni and Fomboni) received the participatory planning approach to build City Resilient Action Plans. This process is inclusive and integrates several sta
Urban numbers
Urban Population (2018): 29.0%
Urban Growth Rate (2015-2020): 2.87%
The urban population annual growth rate is

Leaving no one and no place behind

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The prioritisation of human rights addresses the structural causes of inequalities and discrimination in an integrated manner. Urbanisation can only be sustainable if it is human rights based, and living conditions can only be improved for all if everyone’s human rights are comprehensively promoted and protected. UN-Habitat applies the Human-Rights Based Approach to address inequalities and discrimination, reaching the furthest behind first by placing power relationships in human settlements at the heart of its analysis and action.

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Men and women, boys and girls experience cities in very different ways, and face various challenges and needs that cities have to address. UN-Habitat promotes the stronger commitment of national and local governments as well as other relevant stakeholders to work towards the realization of a world in which men and women are recognized as equal partners in development and enjoy equal human rights so that economically productive, socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable cities and other human settlements can be achieved more rapidly, completely and sustainably.

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Youth, children and older persons, especially those in situations of particular risk of marginalization, such as girl child and female-headed households, are often excluded from access to housing, urban basic services, public spaces and infrastructure, and the overall benefits of urbanization. Young women and men have been a key focus of UN-Habitat’s work. The agency has successfully advocated for the role of youth as leaders in sustainable urban development, recognizing the guiding principle of the SDGs of “leaving no one behind,” and the New Urban Agenda vision of cities for all. 

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Sustainable urban development can only be achieved if persons with disabilities are included meaningfully in decision-making and are able to access their rights. UN-Habitat partners with representative groups and individual rights holders, as well as national and local governments, relevant UN bodies and civil society to maximize impact and to meaningfully ensure that the rights including accessibility and universal design of persons with disabilities are promoted, respected and protected. 

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