• Total value of UN-Habitat investments (2008-2013): US$ 1,318,221
  • Total number of UN-Habitat projects (2008-2013): 3 projects
  • Main donors: Spain, COSUDE (Swiss Agency) and the NGO Volver a la Gente.
  • Implementing partners: national and local governments, governmental and legislative institutions, universities and civil society organization

With the ongoing changes in the housing sector in Cuba UN-Habitat has carried out activities in the housing sector in Pinar del Rio, Holguín and LasTunas.

General information

Capital: Havana

Major cities: Havana, Santiago de Cuba, Camagüey, Holguín, Santa Clara, Guantánamo, Bayamo

UN-Habitat projects in Cuba

Contribution to the Systematization of Housing Recuperation Experience in 3 Provinces in Cuba

  • Duration: 3 years (Nov 2009 - Dec 2012)
  • Value: US$ 270,162
  • Donor: Spain
  • Location: Pinar del Rio, Holguín and Las Tunas
  • Implementing partners: Ministry of Foreign Trade and Investment (MINCEX), National Housing Institute (INV), AECID, INV municipal and provincial offices, social construction brigades,the National Civil Defense general staff

Cuba-Colombia South-South Cooperation: Improving citizen capacities in their participation in climate change adoption processes and risk reduction in Columbia and Cuba

Improving citizen capacities in their participation in climate change adoption processes and risk reduction in Columbia and Cuba

  • Duration: 2.5 years (Jun 2011 - Dec 2013)
  • Value: US$ 294,607
  • Donor: Corporacion Volver a la Gente
  • Location: Bayamo, Bartolomé Masó, Holguín, Mayarí, Santa Clara, Cienfuegos and Cruces.
  • Implementing partners: Corporacion Volver a la Gente, National Housing Institute (INV), Physical Planning Institute (IPF), National Assembly and eight municipalities (Popular councils), Municipality delegations of environment (CITMA), Comprehensive Development of Havana City Group (GDIC), Universities and Research Center, MANUD, UNDP

Support to transformations of the Housing Sector in Cuba

To contribute to the transformation of the housing sector in Cuba through the policy, cognitive, technical, normative and financial support to the integral and sustainable management model of habitat in the housing process.

  • Duration: 5 years (Jun 2012 to May 2017)
  • Value: US$ 753,452
  • Donor: COSUDE - Agencia Suiza para el Desarrollo y la Cooperacion
  • Location: Pinar del Rio, Holguín and Las Tunas
  • Implementing partners: National Housing Institute, Provincial and Municipal Governments and the Cuban Congress’ Industry and Construction Commission


The office for Cuba (based in Mexico City) works on the implementation of the New Urban Agenda at national and local level.

Population (2018)
11.5 million
Total value of projects
US$ 1,155,507
No. of projects (2014 - 2019)
Total: 4

Cuba has a 77 per cent of urban population. Urban land occupies approximately 1.16 per cent of the country's surface, with a tendency to increase slowly due to the policy of city compaction and protection of land resources.

The Human Development Index (HDI) places Cuba in the 68th place in the world, according to 2015 data, located within the group of developed countries. However, by analyzing the three sub-indices that make up the HDI, Cuba is in good position in terms of health and education (positions 34 and 48, respectively), but falls in the GDP per capita (position 116). 

The population of Cuba remains practically constant since the beginning of the 21st century.


From 2016 to 2018, UN-Habitat and the Institute of Physical Planning of Cuba elaborated three tools that can contribute for the implementation of the NUA in the country and housing sector.
Cuba received the Scroll of Honour for its National Action Plan for implementing positive urban and territorial changes through the integration and implementation of the New Urban Agenda principles.
Since 2016, the government of Cuba and UN-Habitat have organized more than 16 workshops in different parts of the country.
Urban numbers
The average population density in urban areas is around 4,500 inhabitants / km2. However, this density is not homogeneous in all the settlements of Cuba.
At the end of 2016, the housing deficit amounted to 883,050 housing, 30,000 more units compared to the previous year.
From 2000 to 2015, the total population experienced a growth of 0.8 per cent. The trend predicted by the latest projections that the population will begin to decrease after 2025.

“There is no doubt that the technical assistance of UN-Habitat has helped us to form a collective and participatory team that has committed to the implementation of the NUA in Cuba.”

Samuel Rodiles Planas, President of the Institute of Physical Planning of Cuba

Leaving no one and no place behind

Hover over or click the icons to learn about UN-Habitat's work on social inclusion here.

The implementation of the NUA in Cuba places people and human rights at the foreground of sustainable urban development policies in order to leave no one nor any place behind.

Human rights icon

Men and women, boys and girls experience cities in very different ways, and face various challenges and needs that cities have to address. UN-Habitat promotes the stronger commitment of national and local governments as well as other relevant stakeholders to work towards the realization of a world in which men and women are recognized as equal partners in development and enjoy equal human rights so that economically productive, socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable cities and other human settlements can be achieved more rapidly, completely and sustainably.

Gender icon

Youth, children and older persons, especially those in situations of particular risk of marginalization, such as girl child and female-headed households, are often excluded from access to housing, urban basic services, public spaces and infrastructure, and the overall benefits of urbanization. Young women and men have been a key focus of UN-Habitat’s work. The agency has successfully advocated for the role of youth as leaders in sustainable urban development, recognizing the guiding principle of the SDGs of “leaving no one behind,” and the New Urban Agenda vision of cities for all. 

Children icon

Sustainable urban development can only be achieved if persons with disabilities are included meaningfully in decision-making and are able to access their rights. UN-Habitat partners with representative groups and individual rights holders, as well as national and local governments, relevant UN bodies and civil society to maximize impact and to meaningfully ensure that the rights including accessibility and universal design of persons with disabilities are promoted, respected and protected. 

Disability icon

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