Sudan is a post-conflict country that aspires to forge and maintain a sustainable peace. According to different studies, the rapid urbanization process observed in Sudan has been determined by four main factors. These are the massive flows of rural-urban migration and displacement due to extended conflicts which afflicted certain parts of the country; the ensuing natural disasters, especially drought and its consequences; the complex pattern of the country’s political development since independence and the inadequate state of rural development in the country resulting from territorial-imbalanced development.

While cities and towns in Sudan face many challenges, urbanization processes offer an opportunity to trigger sustainable processes of development, harnessing the capacity and aspirations of the people from urban areas. Achieving sustainable urbanization will therefore require attending, in a balanced manner, the needs of cities and towns as well as of those peri-urban and rural areas with which they have mutually dependent social, economic and environmental interactions.

In this context the Sudanese government will embark on the formulation and development of an integrated strategy for urbanization based on partnership with the private sector and community participation. Preliminary steps and actions has already been taken with respect to the preparation of the project document, initial funding was allocated by the government and a number of donors were approached for funding. The main objectives of the strategy are:

  1. Apply a more efficient strategy to the use of natural resources (particularly land) in order to reduce conflict and protect these resources for future generations.
  2. Ensure the settlement for the expected population increase until 2031 to reduce the informal and squatter growth and ultimately reduce poverty.

Wael al-Ashhab

UN-Habitat Sudan

 

Key Partners

 

All of UN-Habitat Sudan’s projects are developed, implemented and monitored in partnership with the relevant Sudanese ministries to ensure they are in line with the National Development Plan and it’s priorities. To institutionalize the relation with the main government counterpart, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between UN-Habitat and the Federal Government of Sudan (GoS) in November 2010 and renewed in January 2015, with the main purpose of establishing a framework for collaborative efforts on national development programmes and activities related to sustainable urbanization and to harmonize physical planning in Sudan. It should enable both partners to identify common interest and priorities. UN-Habitat has provided technical and financial assistance to the national government of Sudan and the National Habitat Committee for the formulation of the national report for the 3rd United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) based on the guidelines provided. The national report was prepared on a bottom-up participatory approach and brought together relevant Sudanese public officials from federal and state governments, representatives from civil society organizations, academia, research institutions, media, the United Nations and international donors, private sector and community groups. The national report was finally approved by the government of Sudan.

 

 

Overview

Sudan has been experiencing long-lasting conflicts and tribal disputes particularly in five Darfur States as well as three Southern States including Blue Nile, South Kordofan and West Kordofan. To respond to the uprising challenges and economic opportunities in Sudan, UN-Habitat has been working on humanitarian, peace building and development assistance for the Government of Sudan.

Overview
Population (2018)
41.5 million
Total value of projects
US$ 22,020,000
No. of projects (2014 - 2019)
Total: 9

In Sudan, a large influx of population from rural to urban areas has been obviously accelerated due to the complexity of the country’s political, social and environmental challenges and opportunities. Sudan also has a high percentage of informal settlements and developments that has also caused urban challenges.

In the field of urban legislation, land and governance, the Government has been facing two key challenges. Firstly, a lack of National Urban Policy and its implementation strategy. Secondly, a strong desire of practical land resolution mechanism and land registration system.

Impact
Land allocated to 18,000 IDPs in Damazin, Blue Nile State with certificates of land titles.
Sketch map/plan produced for 52 return villages, including existing boundary and possible direction(s) of the settlements’ future expansion.
3,316,344 people in five Darfur states are enjoying the better access to health care through the rehabilitated/upgraded 30 health facilities.
Urban numbers
5.1 million out of 40.5 million of the population (12.6 per cent) consists of Internal Displaced Persons (IDPs), refugees from neighbouring countries and returnees.
The refugee population in Sudan more than doubled in 2017, reaching 906,600 at the end of the year.
848,091 South Sudanese refugees in Sudan (additional sources estimate that there are 1.3 million South Sudanese refugees in Sudan; however, data requires verification).
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Beneficiary - Haron Idan Sakin

“After UN-Habitat constructed the Police Office, Education and Prosecutor Offices, Dimsu became a service hub which serves 250,000 people living in Dimsu and surrounding villages. The number crimes are reduced and Dimsu became more secured.”

Haron Idan Sakin, Resident in Dimsu, South Darfur

Leaving no one and no place behind

Hover over or click the icons to learn about UN-Habitat's work on social inclusion here.

The Human Rights-Based Approach and rule of law has been taking into account for ensuring social and political sustainability. In all the project, UN-Habitat observe and conduct simple questionnaires to monitor the human rights through a part of public consultations and closely communicate with the state governments.

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Due to the conflicts and tribal disputes, women remain in a vulnerable condition in Sudan. UN-Habitat is committed to increase gender equality and support the empowerment of women. Gender mainstreaming is assured through involvement and consultation with host communities and community leaders, as well as the involvement of female stakeholders for the implementation of the entire projects.

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Employment opportunities particularly for youth and women are very rare in Sudan. UN-Habitat engages youth and women in the job training on producing Stabilised Soil Blocks (SSB) that creates capacity of the people to develop self-help housing construction and basic sanitation facilities.

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Sustainable urban development can only be achieved if persons with disabilities are included meaningfully in decision-making and are able to access their rights. UN-Habitat partners with representative groups and individual rights holders, as well as national and local governments, relevant UN bodies and civil society to maximize impact and to meaningfully ensure that the rights including accessibility and universal design of persons with disabilities are promoted, respected and protected. 

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Donors and partners

UN-Habitat Sudan has been actively engaging with key government counterparts both in federal and state level, key UN agencies, donor communities and international/national organizations in the country. In compliance with Sudan UNDAF 2018-2021 and Humanitarian Response Plan, UN-Habitat Sudan Office has been working under the coordination of Sudan United Nations Country Team (UNCT) and Humanitarian Coordination Team (HCT) in order to assist bridging humanitarian response and development support in line with the principle of Humanitarian, Peace Building and Development Nexus.

Contact

Masayuki Yokota
Head of Country Programme
UN Sudan Country Programme
WUF 10