UN-Habitat promotes sustainable urban planning and development in Myanmar

Yangon, 24 June 2015 - UN-Habitat recently hosted a two-week mission of international experts to deliver urban planning training and undertake socioeconomic analysis of major Myanmar cities. The mission included staff from UN-Habitat headquarters and seven visiting experts from ARCADIS, a design and consulting firm, with which the agency has a shelter partnership programme.

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UN-Habitat and UNDP develop spatial visioning for Palestine

Jerusalem 17 June 2015 - UN-Habitat and UNDP joined forces to curate and facilitate a spatial visioning exercise between the 6th and the 14th of June 2015. The International Society for City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP), which is an international planning NGO, was commissioned to compose and lead an Urban Planning Advisory Team (UPAT).

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Tunisia

UN-Habitat Projects in Tunisia

Sharing Opportunities for Low carbon Urban transportation (SOLUTIONS)

  • Duration: July 2013 – July 2016
  • Value: US$ 130,171
  • Donor: Wuppertal Institut Fur Klima/ Umwelt/ Energie GMBH
  • Implementing Partners: Mobili-T Tunisia

Country pages

Overview

A Host Country Agreement to establish an office of UN-Habitat in Tunisia was signed on 16 May 2017 between UN-Habitat and the Government of Tunisia.

Notwithstanding, the entry into force of the Agreement is pending its ratification by the Tunisian Parliament. UN-Habitat has in 2018 supported the municipality of Djerba Midoun in transforming an open Municipal land, that used to be a spot for juvenile delinquency and a waste deposit into a safe public space with recreational and meeting facilities that will enhance community cohesion, promote social interaction and inclusion as well as the well-being of the residents of the targeted area.

UN-Habitat is also supporting the Tunisian Government with the development of a National Urban Policy, a common vision guiding the sustainable growth and management of cities and promoting productive, inclusive and resilient urban development for the long term.

Overview

With an urban population that accounts for 69 per cent of the total population and is growing by 1.5 per cent annually, Tunisia is one of the most urbanised countries in North Africa and the Arab region. The urban spread is located all along the coast, near large agglomerations such as Tunis and Sousse. This growth, mainly generated by the economic activities and job offers concentrated in these areas, is leaving the southern and western areas with less diverse economies behind. The disparity in standards of living and wellbeing is also clear between rural and urban areas and within urban zones. In terms of basic infrastructures, coverage is nearly total in coastal areas but still requires substantial investments in central and southern areas. Thus, the northern and western coasts have been the destination for rural-to-urban migration for decades, swelling the outlying areas around large cities and causing disproportionate land consumption. Since the 2011 revolution, these regional imbalances and inequalities of opportunity have intensified under the effect of the country’s economic slowdown and its devastating socioeconomic consequences.

Urban numbers
Average of unemployment rate in Tunisia is of 15.6 per cent while it reaches 25.8 per cent in Kebili and 32 per cent in Tataouine, cities that are located in the south.
The urban population annual growth rate is 1.56%
The percentage of the total population that is urban is 68.64%

Leaving no one and no place behind

Hover over or click the icons to learn about UN-Habitat's work on social inclusion here.

The upgraded public space in Djerba Midoun that was recently inaugurated was designed in a participatory manner by involving local citizens including young people and women.

Human rights icon

500 women out of the 2500 citizens from the targeted area will have access to a safe public space in Djerba Midoun.

Gender icon

UN-Habitat has recently supported the Municipality of Djerba Midoun in transforming an open Municipal land that used to be a spot for juvenile delinquency and a waste deposit, into a safe public space with recreational and meeting facilities that will enhance community cohesion, promote social interaction and inclusion as well as the well-being of the 2500 citizens from targeted area.

The rehabilitated public space consists of a small built structure for training and cultural activities, a multidisciplinary sports field, a playground for children and a petanque court.

Children icon

Sustainable urban development can only be achieved if persons with disabilities are included meaningfully in decision-making and are able to access their rights. UN-Habitat partners with representative groups and individual rights holders, as well as national and local governments, relevant UN bodies and civil society to maximize impact and to meaningfully ensure that the rights including accessibility and universal design of persons with disabilities are promoted, respected and protected. 

Disability icon

Donors and partners

UN Habitat identifies and mobilizes local authorities and NGOs to ensure the ownership of the actions implemented in the country, their success and sustainability. The recently inaugurated public space involved

UN Habitat engages also local communities in the design and upgrading of public space initiatives to ensure that their needs are well reflected.

Donors

Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research

Burkina Faso

UN-Habitat Projects in Burkina Faso Supporting the implementation of the Urban Burkina Faso Country Programme

  • Duration: January 2014 – 31 December 2016
  • Value: US$977,500
  • Donor: UNOPS - Switzerland
  • Implementing Partners: Laboratoire Citoyennetes

Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme The Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme is being implemented with a focus on the development and adoption of inclusive policies and strategies for slum upgrading in line with the PSUP principles and contributing to the achievement of MDG 7 c and d. The Programme aims to strengthen community, city and national key stakeholders’ capacities in participatory slum upgrading  , thus adding value to the development of policy, institutional, legislative, and financial frameworks, through the implementation of a participatory pilot project located in the city of Ouagadougou .

  • Implementation Phase: Phase III
  • Duration: 2008 -December 2015
  • Value: US$900,000
  • Donor: European Commission and, the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific Secretariat
  • Implementing Partners: UN-Habitat and the Ministry of Urban Planning and Housing
  • Profile cities/ location: Neighbourhoods of Bissighin and Basnere, in the City of Ouagadougou

Overview

UN-Habitat is committed to continue its long-standing cooperation with the government of Burkina Faso, which started in 1972. UN-Habitat’s technical assistance included support to the elaboration of urban policy, upgrading of urban settlements and environmental approaches to constructions. We are engaged in pursuing our work in partnership with the local authorities.

Overview

In Burkina Faso, the urban population increased from 15,5% in 1996 to 31,5% in 2016. It is expected to reach 52% by 2050. Cities and towns of Burkina Faso are facing rapid sprawl, lack of planning, basic services and infrastructure, and weak governance and financial systems, among other challenges.

Urban growth in Burkina Faso remains polarized in the two major cities of the country: Ouagadougou (46,4%) and Bobo-Dioulasso (15,4%), representing nearly 62% country’s urban population[1]. These cities are growing very quickly, without the necessary support measures in terms of planning, administration, infrastructure, equipment and services. This fast-paced urban growth results in sprawling and increase of informal settlements in the peri-urban areas.

 

 

Urban numbers
Urban Population (2018): 19.4%
Urban Growth Rate (2015-2020): 4.99%
The urban population annual growth rate is 5.03%

Leaving no one and no place behind

Hover over or click the icons to learn about UN-Habitat's work on social inclusion here.

The prioritisation of human rights addresses the structural causes of inequalities and discrimination in an integrated manner. Urbanisation can only be sustainable if it is human rights based, and living conditions can only be improved for all if everyone’s human rights are comprehensively promoted and protected. UN-Habitat applies the Human-Rights Based Approach to address inequalities and discrimination, reaching the furthest behind first by placing power relationships in human settlements at the heart of its analysis and action.

Human rights icon

Men and women, boys and girls experience cities in very different ways, and face various challenges and needs that cities have to address. UN-Habitat promotes the stronger commitment of national and local governments as well as other relevant stakeholders to work towards the realization of a world in which men and women are recognized as equal partners in development and enjoy equal human rights so that economically productive, socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable cities and other human settlements can be achieved more rapidly, completely and sustainably.

Gender icon

Youth, children and older persons, especially those in situations of particular risk of marginalization, such as girl child and female-headed households, are often excluded from access to housing, urban basic services, public spaces and infrastructure, and the overall benefits of urbanization. Young women and men have been a key focus of UN-Habitat’s work. The agency has successfully advocated for the role of youth as leaders in sustainable urban development, recognizing the guiding principle of the SDGs of “leaving no one behind,” and the New Urban Agenda vision of cities for all. 

Children icon

Sustainable urban development can only be achieved if persons with disabilities are included meaningfully in decision-making and are able to access their rights. UN-Habitat partners with representative groups and individual rights holders, as well as national and local governments, relevant UN bodies and civil society to maximize impact and to meaningfully ensure that the rights including accessibility and universal design of persons with disabilities are promoted, respected and protected. 

Disability icon

Donors and partners

The UEMOA (Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine), is a sub-regional African organisation covering 8 countries in West Africa i.e Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo. It’s headquarter is based in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. UN-Habitat and UEMOA signed a MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) in 2010 to mainstream their partnership on urban and housing thematic on the sub-region.  

Donors

United Nations Office for Project Services
UNEP

The Challenge of Local Government Financing in Developing Countries

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Cities are assets, solutions and drivers of economic and social development. Cities possess huge untapped economic potential that can and should be leveraged to create wealth and economic opportunities for all. This requires good urban planning that supports urban compactness, integration, and connectivity. However, even the best urban plans risk ending up unused if they are not accompanied by financial and regulatory strategies for implementation. Strategic public investments must go hand in hand with strategic funding mechanisms and supporting governance systems.

The Role of ICT in the Proposed Urban Sustainable Development Goal and the New Urban Agenda

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) expire in 2015, an international process is underway to define the Post-2015 Development Agenda. This process involves a wide range of stakeholders, and has spanned several years.

The Rio+20 outcome document, The future we want, mandated an Open Working Group to develop a set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as a successor to the MDGs. On 19 July 2014, the Open Working Group published its final proposal which includes 17 proposed goals.

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Knowing Kabul. A potential powerhouse of social and economic development

This paper examines the specific urban development challenges and opportunities facing the city of Kabul. It first presents the main findings from the State of Afghan Cities 2014/15 Programme land use and housing analysis.

It shows the dominance of agriculture, vacant plots, and institutional land uses, and high-density irregular and hillside housing, which characterise the urban form of the city. The paper concludes by recommending six strategic directions to harness Kabul as a driver of social and economic development in the coming decade.

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