Burkina Faso

UN-Habitat Projects in Burkina Faso Supporting the implementation of the Urban Burkina Faso Country Programme

  • Duration: January 2014 – 31 December 2016
  • Value: US$977,500
  • Donor: UNOPS - Switzerland
  • Implementing Partners: Laboratoire Citoyennetes

Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme The Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme is being implemented with a focus on the development and adoption of inclusive policies and strategies for slum upgrading in line with the PSUP principles and contributing to the achievement of MDG 7 c and d. The Programme aims to strengthen community, city and national key stakeholders’ capacities in participatory slum upgrading  , thus adding value to the development of policy, institutional, legislative, and financial frameworks, through the implementation of a participatory pilot project located in the city of Ouagadougou .

  • Implementation Phase: Phase III
  • Duration: 2008 -December 2015
  • Value: US$900,000
  • Donor: European Commission and, the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific Secretariat
  • Implementing Partners: UN-Habitat and the Ministry of Urban Planning and Housing
  • Profile cities/ location: Neighbourhoods of Bissighin and Basnere, in the City of Ouagadougou


UN-Habitat is committed to continue its long-standing cooperation with the government of Burkina Faso, which started in 1972. UN-Habitat’s technical assistance included support to the elaboration of urban policy, upgrading of urban settlements and environmental approaches to constructions. We are engaged in pursuing our work in partnership with the local authorities.


In Burkina Faso, the urban population increased from 15,5% in 1996 to 31,5% in 2016. It is expected to reach 52% by 2050. Cities and towns of Burkina Faso are facing rapid sprawl, lack of planning, basic services and infrastructure, and weak governance and financial systems, among other challenges.

Urban growth in Burkina Faso remains polarized in the two major cities of the country: Ouagadougou (46,4%) and Bobo-Dioulasso (15,4%), representing nearly 62% country’s urban population[1]. These cities are growing very quickly, without the necessary support measures in terms of planning, administration, infrastructure, equipment and services. This fast-paced urban growth results in sprawling and increase of informal settlements in the peri-urban areas.



Urban numbers
The urban population annual growth rate is 5.03%
The percentage of the total population that is urban is 28.74%

Leaving no one and no place behind

Hover over or click the icons to learn about UN-Habitat's work on social inclusion here.

The prioritisation of human rights addresses the structural causes of inequalities and discrimination in an integrated manner. Urbanisation can only be sustainable if it is human rights based, and living conditions can only be improved for all if everyone’s human rights are comprehensively promoted and protected. UN-Habitat applies the Human-Rights Based Approach to address inequalities and discrimination, reaching the furthest behind first by placing power relationships in human settlements at the heart of its analysis and action.

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Men and women, boys and girls experience cities in very different ways, and face various challenges and needs that cities have to address. UN-Habitat promotes the stronger commitment of national and local governments as well as other relevant stakeholders to work towards the realization of a world in which men and women are recognized as equal partners in development and enjoy equal human rights so that economically productive, socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable cities and other human settlements can be achieved more rapidly, completely and sustainably.

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Youth, children and older persons, especially those in situations of particular risk of marginalization, such as girl child and female-headed households, are often excluded from access to housing, urban basic services, public spaces and infrastructure, and the overall benefits of urbanization. Young women and men have been a key focus of UN-Habitat’s work. The agency has successfully advocated for the role of youth as leaders in sustainable urban development, recognizing the guiding principle of the SDGs of “leaving no one behind,” and the New Urban Agenda vision of cities for all. 

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Sustainable urban development can only be achieved if persons with disabilities are included meaningfully in decision-making and are able to access their rights. UN-Habitat partners with representative groups and individual rights holders, as well as national and local governments, relevant UN bodies and civil society to maximize impact and to meaningfully ensure that the rights including accessibility and universal design of persons with disabilities are promoted, respected and protected. 

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Donors and partners

The UEMOA (Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine), is a sub-regional African organisation covering 8 countries in West Africa i.e Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo. It’s headquarter is based in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. UN-Habitat and UEMOA signed a MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) in 2010 to mainstream their partnership on urban and housing thematic on the sub-region.  


United Nations Office for Project Services


Programme Officer
Regional Office for Africa
WUF 10

Burkina Faso: Profil Urbain National

La croissance démographique rapide du Burkina Faso, et surtout l’extension démesurée des villes, ont de lourdes répercussions sur l’environnement de ce pays enclavé.  La prolifération de l’habitat spontané est un fait établi, ainsi que sa persistance et ce, malgré les actions entreprises par l’État depuis les années 1980.  Ce phénomène est la conjugaison de plusieurs facteurs: la pauvreté des populations; le coût élevé de la mise en valeur des parcelles, l’impossibilité d’accéder aux services urbains de base (électricité, eau courante, assainissement), tout ceci entraînant les populations à

Document De Programme-Pays 2008 - 2009 - Burkina Faso

Following the model of the other agencies of the United Nations System, the 2008 – 2009 UN-HABITAT Country Programme has its sources within the national priorities defined by the Poverty Reduction Strategic Framework. It falls under the United Nations 2006 – 2010 Plan jointly elaborated by the resident and non resident UN agencies with the representative entities of the national counterpart.

Cameroun: Profil Urbain de Ouagadougou (French)

La commune de Ouagadougou se situe au centre du Burkina Faso dont elle est la capitale. La ville est au terminus de la voie ferrée venant d’Abidjan (Côted’Ivoire). Elle occupe une superficie de 52 000 hectares dont 21 750 urbanisés. L’altitude moyenne est de 300 m. Le climat est de type soudano-sahélien avec une seule saison des pluies couvrant la période de mai à septembre. La pluviométrie varie entre 850 millimètres et 900 millimètres en année normale.

Burkina Faso: Profil Urbain National

De 7.964.705 habitants selon le recensement général de la population en 1985, la population du Burkina Faso a atteint 10.312 609 habitants selon le recensement général de la population mené en 1996. Avec un taux d’accroissement annuel estimé à 2,4%, la population aurait atteint 11. 300 000 habitants en 2000, et dépassera les 18 millions d’habitants en 2015.