includes topics such as municipal finance, housing finance,

Structural Transformation in Developing Countries: Cross Regional Analysis

Structural transformation is defined as the transition of an economy from low productivity and labour-intensive economic activities to higher productivity and skill intensive activities. The driving force behind structural transformation is the change of productivity in the modern sector, which is dominated by manufacturing and services. It is also characterized by the movement of the workforce from labour-intensive activities to skill-intensive ones.

世界城市状况报告 2010/2011 (State of the World’s Cities 2010/2011)

正如这本新版的《世界城市状况报告》所指出的,“城市分化”的概念提供了一个理论框架,这个框架令理解当今的城市、尤其是发展中国家和地区城市的现实,成为了可能。从更实际的观点看,这个概念强调了分化的四个关键方面—社会、经济、政治和文化,它们在当今世界很多城市中起着作用。

世界城市状况报告2006/2007 (State of the World’s Cities 2006/2007)

本报告清晰地展示了居住条件对于人类发展的直接影响,包括儿童死亡率、教育以及就业。以一项或多项居住困难为特征的恶劣的居住环境,与在“千年发展目标”中核心指标的不佳表现之间的相关性,证实了“我们住在哪里是很重要的”这一观点。本报告的发现揭示了一个新的城市现实,即亟须制定有益贫民的和性别平等的城市政策和制度。

世界城市状况报告 2004/2005 (State of World's Cities 2004-2005)

《世界城市状况报告2004/2005》探索了如何利用城市的潜力,以应对目前的挑战,并创造出有生机的、包容的城市环境。本报告使用了大量的案例、说明,采用了诸多全球著名的城市学者为本报告撰写的内容,构建了新的规划文化的框架,即规划应包括公民社会和政府机构的参与,以确保哪怕最边缘化的社会群体也能参与进来。

为城市低收入人群的住房筹措资金全球人类住区报告2005 (GRHS 2005)

融资城市住房提出了住房融资系统的第一次全球性的评估,将宏观经济政策的总体框架内住房和城市发展的挑战。该报告描述和分析了住房融资状况和发展趋势,在世界所有地区,包括正式的住房金融机构,小额贷款和社会资金,突出其相关贫民窟的升级。在住房金融领域近期政策变化是在国际和国家层面进行讨论。该报告还审查可以采取加强住房融资系统,特别是关于实现改善贫民窟居民生活的千年宣言目标的政策方向。

The Role of Cities in Productive Transformation

Productive transformation policies have gained renewed prominence in recent years. In both developed and developing countries, governments and private sector actors have begun planning and implementing programmes and instruments for private sector development; cluster promotion and value chain; as well as supply chain approaches linked to infrastructure provision, innovation and equity.

Advancing Economic Citizenship for Children and Youth in Sub Saharan Africa

This joint publication by CYFI and UN-Habitat examines youth economic citizenship in Sub-Saharan Africa. This publication provides an overview of economic citizenship, explains how it is relevant to the UN Sustainable Development Goals and provides research findings on its application in the region. Detailed case studies are provided on financial literacy and financial education initiatives for children and youth in Kenya, South Africa, Rwanda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The Challenge of Local Government Financing in Developing Countries

Cities are assets, solutions and drivers of economic and social development. Cities possess huge untapped economic potential that can and should be leveraged to create wealth and economic opportunities for all. This requires good urban planning that supports urban compactness, integration, and connectivity. However, even the best urban plans risk ending up unused if they are not accompanied by financial and regulatory strategies for implementation. Strategic public investments must go hand in hand with strategic funding mechanisms and supporting governance systems.