On 30 October 2015, the eve of World Cities Day, UN-HABITAT's office in Luanda was officially inaugurated within the Financial Contribution Agreement of the Ministry of Urban Planning and Housing (MINUHA) with the Program for the development of the National Policy for Territorial and Urban Planning (PNOTU).

In 2016, UN-HABITAT prepared the Country Programme Document 2017-2021 for UN-HABITAT in Angola, endorsed by MINUHA, which aims to establish a strategic framework for the implementation of programmes, projects, and activities of the Programme, as well as serve as a platform to fundraise for the maintenance of UN-HABITAT in the country.

Within the framework of PNOTU, a legal, institutional and socio-economic spatial diagnostic of the country has been developed to support territory and urban planning. In addition, the main policy guidelines and the evolution of the policy were defined in line with the current country priorities.

The development of the National Housing Policy has already been approved by the Board of Directors of MINUHA, for which UN-HABITAT Angola in partnership with the Housing Unit of UN-Habitat in Nairobi, should support the Government to achieve.

Furthermore, UN-HABITAT provides high-level advocacy to civil society, academia, government agencies and development partners through discussions, lectures and technical assistance on the New Urban Agenda, Sustainable Development Goal 11, Housing and Sustainable Urban Development.


According to the National Institute of Statistics, Angola's urban population reached 62.6% in 2014. The majority of the urban population is concentrated in coastal cities, especially Luanda, Benguela, and Cabinda, with high exposure to the effects of climate change. Also, despite massive governmental investments on housing and urban infrastructure since the early 2000s, the urbanization process resulted mainly from an informal occupation of land. The biggest urban agglomerations are: Luanda, with 6,760,444 inhabitants (41.9% of the total urban population); Benguela-Catumbela-Lobito, with 1,083,417 inhabitants (6.70%); Lubango, with 600,751 inhabitants (3.72%); Huambo, with 595,304 inhabitants (3.69%); and Cabinda, with 516,711 inhabitants (3.20%). These cities concentrate almost 60% of the total urban population of Angola and 37.1% of the country’s total population.

According to the Census 2014, 87.2% of the private-owned urban housing stock of Angola result from self-construction, 57.2% of urban households have access to safe water, 81.8% have access to proper sanitation facilities, 50.9% have access to electricity and only 37.5% benefit from an adequate solid waste management system.

Urban numbers
Urban Population (2018): 65.5%
Urban Growth Rate (2015-2020): 4.32%
The urban population annual growth rate is 4.32%

Leaving no one and no place behind

Hover over or click the icons to learn about UN-Habitat's work on social inclusion here.

The prioritisation of human rights addresses the structural causes of inequalities and discrimination in an integrated manner. Urbanisation can only be sustainable if it is human rights based, and living conditions can only be improved for all if everyone’s human rights are comprehensively promoted and protected. UN-Habitat applies the Human-Rights Based Approach to address inequalities and discrimination, reaching the furthest behind first by placing power relationships in human settlements at the heart of its analysis and action.

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Men and women, boys and girls experience cities in very different ways, and face various challenges and needs that cities have to address. UN-Habitat promotes the stronger commitment of national and local governments as well as other relevant stakeholders to work towards the realization of a world in which men and women are recognized as equal partners in development and enjoy equal human rights so that economically productive, socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable cities and other human settlements can be achieved more rapidly, completely and sustainably.

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Youth, children and older persons, especially those in situations of particular risk of marginalization, such as girl child and female-headed households, are often excluded from access to housing, urban basic services, public spaces and infrastructure, and the overall benefits of urbanization. Young women and men have been a key focus of UN-Habitat’s work. The agency has successfully advocated for the role of youth as leaders in sustainable urban development, recognizing the guiding principle of the SDGs of “leaving no one behind,” and the New Urban Agenda vision of cities for all. 

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Sustainable urban development can only be achieved if persons with disabilities are included meaningfully in decision-making and are able to access their rights. UN-Habitat partners with representative groups and individual rights holders, as well as national and local governments, relevant UN bodies and civil society to maximize impact and to meaningfully ensure that the rights including accessibility and universal design of persons with disabilities are promoted, respected and protected. 

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