UN-Habitat has been working with the government of Vietnam since 1990 and established its country office in 2007. UN-Habitat supports the government of Vietnam in addressing emerging challenges in urban planning and management, climate change and resilience, and collaborates with city authorities promoting efficient and effective city governance and enhance capacity on city development and management. UN-Habitat programmes and projects in Vietnam focus on the key determinants for sustainable urbanization and inclusive urban development in line with One UN Plan and national priorities.
Vietnam urban sector has been the driving force for economic growth. However, cities are lack of capacity in terms of prioritizing planning and development needs to gain the dividends of progressive economic development. The centralized decision-making process hinders the more inclusive and participatory planning approach which can promote city competitiveness and sustainable development.
Despite its rapid growth on both economic and social context, Vietnam is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to climate change impact, including but not limited to; sea level rise, longer and more severe droughts, flooding and tropical cyclones; as is typical with climate change in this region the poorest are the most exposed. By 2050, a 1–3% loss in real GDP is predicted from climate change impacts.
Urban growth has not been matched by sufficient growth in basic infrastructure, decent housing, low-emission transportation and equitable service delivery
Vietnam is susceptible to typhoons, floods, droughts, sea water intrusion, landslides, forest fires and occasional earthquakes because of its topography
Internal migration is leading to rapid urbanization, with the urban population now accounting for nearly 35 percent of the total