November 2018 Cities and Climate Change Initiative Bulletin

Articles of this bulletin:

UN-Habitat Discusses with Governments and Experts How Best to Address Urban and Human Settlements Issues in National Adaptation Plans

Leveraging Participatory Informal Settlements Upgrading for Climate Finance

Planners for Climate Action Moving Forward in Advocating Better Planning and Joint Action

Low-carbon, Climate Resilient in Nepal with the Global Covenant of Mayors

UN-Habitat Thematic Guide Addressing The Most Vulnerable First: Pro-poor Climate Action in Informal Settlements

One of the greatest challenges for climate change adaptation is how to build resilience for the billion urban dwellers who are estimated to live in what are termed informal settlements . These settlements have been built outside the ‘formal’ system of laws and regulations that are meant to ensure safe, resilient structures, settlements and systems. But how is it possible to build resilience for those living outside the formal systems and usually working within the informal economy?

October 2017: Myanmar is Better Equipped to Address Climate Change, Including in Cities

On 5th June 2017 at the World Environment Day celebrated in the Myanmar capital city Nay Pyi Taw, H.E. the President of the Union of the Republic of Myanmar, U HtinKyaw, addressing a large audience of ministers, ambassadors and development partner representatives, stated that “climate change is a threat to development”. Myanmar is indeed one of the most vulnerable in the world to the effects of climate change.

May 2017: Adaptation Planning in the City of Honiara, Solomon Islands

For half a decade UN-Habitat, through its Cities and Climate Change Initiative and Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme, has assisted the urban areas, both formal and informal, of the City of Honiara in the Solomon Islands with adaptation planning. Assistance began in 2012 with a participatory analysis of vulnerability and adaptive capacity.

July 2016: Climate and disaster resilience planning of vulnerable settlements in Laos PDR funded through the Adaptation Fund

Following a two year process, UN-Habitat was accredited to the Adaptation Fund in August 2015. It has since successfully submitted a concept note entitled, “Enhancing
the climate and disaster resilience of the most vulnerable rural and emerging urban human settlements in Lao PDR”.

Paris Agreement

Global greenhouse gas emissions from human activity have increased significantly since the preindustrial era, driven by socio-economic progress and population growth. This has led to unprecedented atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) recorded over the last 800,000 years (IPCC 2014a). The increase in atmospheric GHG concentrations leads to global warming and climate change. Climate change is increasingly felt around the world, with negative impacts affecting more and more people worldwide.

Sustainable Urbanization in the Paris Agreement

Sustainable Urbanization in the Paris Agreement’ – a comparative review of Nationally Determined Contributions for Urban Content”, a UN-Habitat publication coming on the heels of Habitat III, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and COP22. The adoption of the New Urban Agenda (NUA) on 20 October 2016, and the entry into force of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change two weeks later, on 4 November 2016, are a strong first step toward the immediate implementation of Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, in urban- and climate change related matters.

Final Evaluation: Promoting low emission urban development strategies in emerging economy countries’ (Urban-LEDS), December 2016

This Final Evaluation of the Urban-LEDS Project was carried out during the period May – September 2016. The Objective of the Project is “to enhance the transition [of cities] to low emission urban development in emerging economy countries.”  The Project began in March 2012 and ended in March 2016 (48 months). The total Project budget provided by the European Commission was €6.7 million Euros.

Lineamientos para el Plan de Acción Climático a Nivel Urbano

Las ciudades están jugando un papel central en la respuesta global al cambio climático a través de la reducción de las emisiones de gas de efecto invernadero y de la adaptación a los efectos del cambio climático. Los gobiernos locales tienen un papel central en estos esfuerzos, pues lideran la acción climática por medio de la elaboración de estrategias y programas, la integración permanente de estas acciones en el desarrollo urbano, y la creación de las alianzas necesarias para respuestas
climáticas efectivas.