Urban Impact - Issue 02

On this edition of Urban Impact, you will read about how UN-Habitat is supporting access to clean water for citizens of Hargeisa (Somaliland), Somalia, through the establishment of a new water system as well as constructing a new water supply and storm drainage system for the citizens of Kanyama, the largest informal settlement in Zambia. Our efforts in post-conflict and disaster recovery continue. In Sri Lanka we continued to provide technical support for the construction of pre-school facilities.

Social Tenure Domain Model enhanced in Zambia

Nairobi, 10 October 2014 - A second Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) training and planning workshop with the Mungule community in Zambia was held from earlier this month to pursue the data collection process in the Model’s pilot work. Pilot activities were launched in an initial workshop that was conducted in July 2014.

The three-day event took place in Mungule village, where the pilot activities are ongoing. A group of 20 community members, the majority of them women, participated.

Land Tenure Security in Selected Countries

Secure land and property rights for all are essential to reducing poverty because they underpin economic development and social inclusion. Secure land tenure and property rights enable people in urban and rural areas to invest in improved homes and livelihoods. Although many countries have completely restructured their legal and regulatory framework related to land and they have tried to harmonize modern statutory law with customary ones, millions of people around the world still have insecure land tenure and property rights.

UN-Habitat Country Programme Document 2008-2009- Zambia

The Habitat Country Programme Document for Zambia outlines the main objectives and priorities for UN-HABITAT and the Zambian Government. In collaboration with the Government and other United Nations Agencies, the overall aim of this UNHABITATCountry Programme Document is to promote the Habitat Agenda. UN-HABITAT plays an active role in urban development and urban policy.

Zambia: Kitwe Urban Profile

In Zambia, the profiling was undertaken under the leadership of national and local authorities. This initiative has been carried out locally in Lusaka, Lilongwe and Kitwe as well as nationally. The Kitwe Urban Profile focuses on the findings of a desk-study, interviews with key actors and a citywide consultation with key urban actors and institutions.

Zambia: Lusaka Urban Profile

This profile offers an overview of the urban situation in each participating city through a series of interviews with key urban actors. This is followed by a city consultation where priorities are agreed.

City-level findings provide input for the national profiling that is combined with a national assessment of institutional, legislative, financial and overall enabling frameworks and response mechanisms. The profiles at all levels result in supporting the formation of city and national strategies and policy development.

Zambia: National Urban Profile

Unsustainable migration trends in Zambia have led to high population growth in the urban areas without the accompanying improvement in infrastructure for service provision.

Towns and cities have continued to attract large numbers of people from rural areas. High levels of migration into the cities can be attributed to a diversified economy, relatively better access to social services and employment opportunities.

Zambia: Livingstone City Profile

Livingstone, the capital of Northern Rhodesia before independence and before Lusaka became the capital, is the largest town in Zambia’s Southern Province and the tourist capital of Zambia. It is also the main administrative centre for the southern region of Zambia and the main entry point into the country by road from southern African countries such as Zimbabwe, Botswana, and South Africa.

Zambia

 

  • Total value of UN-Habitat investments (2008-2013): US$ 100,000
  • Total number of UN-Habitat projects (2008-2013): 1 project
  • Main donors: Booyoung
  • Implementing partners: WFP, UNICEF, ILO, UNCTAD

 

General information

 

Capital: Lusaka

Major cities: Lusaka, Kitwe, Ndola, Kabwe, Chingola, Mufulira, Luanshya, Livingstone, Kasama, Chipata.

  • Population: 14.08 Million 
  • GDP: US$ 20.68 Billion 
  • GDP growth: 7.3%% 
  • Urban population (annual %): 4.0% 
  • Population growth rate (average annual %): 3.2% 
  • Urban population growth rate (average annual %): 4.3% 
  • Rural population growth rate (average annual %): 2.5% 

Source: World Bank 2012

 

 

UN-Habitat projects in Zambia

 

Strengthening Urban Planning Capacity in Lusaka, Zambia    

The aim of this proposal is to assist the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) and the Lusaka City Council (LCC) in building adequate institutional capacity at both central and local levels regarding urban planning, especially concerning city extensions. This includes the support to the development of a robust urban policy and regulatory framework for Zambia and the Lusaka city in particular.

  • Duration: January 2013 - December 2013    
  • Value: US$ 100,000    
  • Donor: Booyoung   
  • Implementing partners: WFP, UNICEF, ILO, UNCTAD    
  • Location: Lusaka

Images

Image
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Community consultation in Kanyama, Zambia. © UN-Habitat

Overview

UN-Habitat is working with the government of the Republic of Zambia in formulating the National Urbanisation Policy (NUP). This is a deliberate government-led process of coordinating and rallying various actors for establishing a shared vision for the desired urbanization within 20-30 years horizon or more that intends to support poverty reduction, spatial planning, land management, housing, basic and social services, infrastructural development and coordination of large-scale investments. In the recent past, UN-Habitat supported the government and selected local authorities in Disaster Risk Reduction, consultations for the draft Land Policy and land tenure security in customary and informal settlements.  In support to government effort to resettle and integrate former refugees in the northwest and western part of the country, UNHabitat under the UN-Zambia joint programme, Promoting Human Security through Sustainable Resettlement, assisted in the opening up of access roads and construction of low-cost demonstration houses using green technology in Meheba and Mayukwayukwa Refugee settlements.

Overview

Currently 40% of the Zambian population are in urban areas with an estimated 70% living in informal settlements which are characterized by significant social, economic and environmental problems.  Most of the cities in Zambia are characterized by Low local economic development; absence of supportive city form and functioning system; and Weak institutional and regulatory framework for urban development.

Urban numbers
An estimated 70% of urban population lives in informal settlements which are characterized by significant social, economic and environmental problems
Zambia faces a huge deficit of housing estimated at 1.5 million units of which 40% is for urban dwellers and 60% for rural dwellers
The urban population annual growth rate is 4.24%

Leaving no one and no place behind

Hover over or click the icons to learn about UN-Habitat's work on social inclusion here.

The prioritisation of human rights addresses the structural causes of inequalities and discrimination in an integrated manner. Urbanisation can only be sustainable if it is human rights based, and living conditions can only be improved for all if everyone’s human rights are comprehensively promoted and protected. UN-Habitat applies the Human-Rights Based Approach to address inequalities and discrimination, reaching the furthest behind first by placing power relationships in human settlements at the heart of its analysis and action.

Human rights icon

In Chamuka Chiefdom were customary certification was done,  52% female and 48% are male, resulted in  reduced land grabbing, evictions and disinheritance that used to  affected mostly the women, youths and other vulnerable groups

Gender icon

Youth, children and older persons, especially those in situations of particular risk of marginalization, such as girl child and female-headed households, are often excluded from access to housing, urban basic services, public spaces and infrastructure, and the overall benefits of urbanization. Young women and men have been a key focus of UN-Habitat’s work. The agency has successfully advocated for the role of youth as leaders in sustainable urban development, recognizing the guiding principle of the SDGs of “leaving no one behind,” and the New Urban Agenda vision of cities for all. 

Children icon

Sustainable urban development can only be achieved if persons with disabilities are included meaningfully in decision-making and are able to access their rights. UN-Habitat partners with representative groups and individual rights holders, as well as national and local governments, relevant UN bodies and civil society to maximize impact and to meaningfully ensure that the rights including accessibility and universal design of persons with disabilities are promoted, respected and protected. 

Disability icon

Donors and partners

The success of UN-Habitat work in Zambia has been dependence on strong partnerships with Government Ministries, local Authorities, civil societies and traditional leaders, the chiefs who administer the majority of land in the country under customary law.  UN-Habitat in close collaboration with GLTN has been supporting the Ministry of Land in the consultation process of the Draft land policy as well as local authorities and the chiefs in community participatory action toward improving the security of tenure for all.

Donors

Zambia
UNDP (incl. one UN fund)
Japan
Global Water Challenge

Contact

Alexander Chileshe
National Technical Advisor
WUF 10