On this edition of Urban Impact, you will read about how UN-Habitat is supporting access to clean water for citizens of Hargeisa (Somaliland), Somalia, through the establishment of a new water system as well as constructing a new water supply and storm drainage system for the citizens of Kanyama, the largest informal settlement in Zambia.
Nairobi, 10 October 2014 - A second Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) training and planning workshop with the Mungule community in Zambia was held from earlier this month to pursue the data collection process in the Model’s pilot work. Pilot activities were launched in an initial workshop that was conducted in July 2014.
The three-day event took place in Mungule village, where the pilot activities are ongoing. A group of 20 community members, the majority of them women, participated.
Land Tenure Security in Selected Countries
Secure land and property rights for all are essential to reducing poverty because they underpin economic development and social inclusion. Secure land tenure and property rights enable people in urban and rural areas to invest in improved homes and livelihoods. Although many countries have completely restructured their legal and regulatory framework related to land and they have tried to harmonize modern statutory law with customary ones, millions of people around the world still have insecure land tenure and property rights.
This report addresses and assesses the issue of tenure security in several countries where government, civil society, the private sector and development cooperation initiatives have been implemented for decades. The selected case studies from fifteen (15) countries (Ghana, Kenya, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Uganda, Zambia, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, The Philippines, Thailand, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Guatemala) ensure not only ageographic balance but they also represent countries with different socio-economic and land-related histories and that have followed different pathways. The studies’ key findings underline the still precariousstate of tenure security in many countries.
UN-Habitat Country Programme Document 2008-2009- Zambia
The Habitat Country Programme Document for Zambia outlines the main objectives and priorities for UN-HABITAT and the Zambian Government. In collaboration with the Government and other United Nations Agencies, the overall aim of this UNHABITATCountry Programme Document is to promote the Habitat Agenda. UN-HABITAT plays an active role in urban development and urban policy.
Through partnerships with various ministries, UNHABITAT has assisted in identifying key urban issues and areas of support to improve the urban situation in Zambia. Through an analysis of four key sectors including: HIV/AIDS, Local Governance, Housing and Basic Services and Urban Environment, the Zambia UN-HABITAT Country Programme Document provides an overview of the national policy context and the intervention areas for the Government to address urban development challenges.
Zambia: Kitwe Urban Profile
In Zambia, the profiling was undertaken under the leadership of national and local authorities. This initiative has been carried out locally in Lusaka, Lilongwe and Kitwe as well as nationally. The Kitwe Urban Profile focuses on the findings of a desk-study, interviews with key actors and a citywide consultation with key urban actors and institutions.
Consultation participants agreed to address the salient urban issues including poverty, insecurity, corruption, pollution and crime all problems that negatively affect investments and economic development. A consensus was reached on priority interventions in the form of programme and project proposals to be implemented.
Zambia: Lusaka Urban Profile
This profile offers an overview of the urban situation in each participating city through a series of interviews with key urban actors. This is followed by a city consultation where priorities are agreed.
City-level findings provide input for the national profiling that is combined with a national assessment of institutional, legislative, financial and overall enabling frameworks and response mechanisms. The profiles at all levels result in supporting the formation of city and national strategies and policy development.
Zambia: National Urban Profile
Unsustainable migration trends in Zambia have led to high population growth in the urban areas without the accompanying improvement in infrastructure for service provision.
Towns and cities have continued to attract large numbers of people from rural areas. High levels of migration into the cities can be attributed to a diversified economy, relatively better access to social services and employment opportunities.
Zambia: Livingstone City Profile
Livingstone, the capital of Northern Rhodesia before independence and before Lusaka became the capital, is the largest town in Zambia’s Southern Province and the tourist capital of Zambia. It is also the main administrative centre for the southern region of Zambia and the main entry point into the country by road from southern African countries such as Zimbabwe, Botswana, and South Africa.
However, Livingstone as a district has a number of development gaps: unequal distribution of infrastructure development, inadequate provision of social services, high poverty levels, degradation of the environment and natural resources, unemployment, and, for much of the city, underdevelopment.
UN-Habitat is working with the government of the Republic of Zambia in formulating the National Urbanisation Policy (NUP). This is a deliberate government-led process of coordinating and rallying various actors for establishing a shared vision for the desired urbanization within 20-30 years horizon or more that intends to support poverty reduction, spatial planning, land management, housing, basic and social services, infrastructural development and coordination of large-scale investments. In the recent past, UN-Habitat supported the government and selected local authorities in Disaster Risk Reduction, consultations for the draft Land Policy and land tenure security in customary and informal settlements. In support to government effort to resettle and integrate former refugees in the northwest and western part of the country, UNHabitat under the UN-Zambia joint programme, Promoting Human Security through Sustainable Resettlement, assisted in the opening up of access roads and construction of low-cost demonstration houses using green technology in Meheba and Mayukwayukwa Refugee settlements.
Currently 40% of the Zambian population are in urban areas with an estimated 70% living in informal settlements which are characterized by significant social, economic and environmental problems. Most of the cities in Zambia are characterized by Low local economic development; absence of supportive city form and functioning system; and Weak institutional and regulatory framework for urban development.
An estimated 70% of urban population lives in informal settlements which are characterized by significant social, economic and environmental problems
Zambia faces a huge deficit of housing estimated at 1.5 million units of which 40% is for urban dwellers and 60% for rural dwellers
Urban Population (2018): 43.5%
Urban Growth Rate (2015-2020): 4.23%
Donors and partners
The success of UN-Habitat work in Zambia has been dependence on strong partnerships with Government Ministries, local Authorities, civil societies and traditional leaders, the chiefs who administer the majority of land in the country under customary law. UN-Habitat in close collaboration with GLTN has been supporting the Ministry of Land in the consultation process of the Draft land policy as well as local authorities and the chiefs in community participatory action toward improving the security of tenure for all.
- Total value of UN-Habitat investments (2008-2013): US$ 100,000
- Total number of UN-Habitat projects (2008-2013): 1 project
- Main donors: Booyoung
- Implementing partners: WFP, UNICEF, ILO, UNCTAD
Major cities: Lusaka, Kitwe, Ndola, Kabwe, Chingola, Mufulira, Luanshya, Livingstone, Kasama, Chipata.
- Population: 14.08 Million
- GDP: US$ 20.68 Billion
- GDP growth: 7.3%%
- Urban population (annual %): 4.0%
- Population growth rate (average annual %): 3.2%
- Urban population growth rate (average annual %): 4.3%
- Rural population growth rate (average annual %): 2.5%
Source: World Bank 2012
UN-Habitat projects in Zambia
Strengthening Urban Planning Capacity in Lusaka, Zambia
The aim of this proposal is to assist the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) and the Lusaka City Council (LCC) in building adequate institutional capacity at both central and local levels regarding urban planning, especially concerning city extensions. This includes the support to the development of a robust urban policy and regulatory framework for Zambia and the Lusaka city in particular.
- Duration: January 2013 - December 2013
- Value: US$ 100,000
- Donor: Booyoung
- Implementing partners: WFP, UNICEF, ILO, UNCTAD
- Location: Lusaka
Fiscal Decentralisation in Zambia, The Global Urban Economic Dialogue Series
This report examines the economic role of cities. It illustrates the important contributions of cities to national economic development and poverty reduction. It looks at the agglomeration economies, city clusters, city regions and mega city regions.