Nairobi, 15 July 2015 - UN-Habitat, LSE Cities and the UCLG Committee on Decentralisation and Local Governance, have launched the 2015 edition of the Urban Governance Survey. The initiative, which runs until 30 September, aims to build a global database on current models of urban governance for public dissemination, comparative policy and research analysis.
For more than forty years, UN-Habitat has been working in human settlements throughout the world. The efforts of UN-Habitat have been focused on building a brighter future for developing villages, towns and cities of all sizes, which are most in need of support in guiding the process of urbanization. Towards this end we have created a new vision which makes a shift in focus and incorporates three essential urban elements into a new, integrated working methodology: Urban Legislation, Urban Design and Urban Finance, as a three-legged strategy in advancing sustainable urbanization.
The World Urban Forum is the world’s premier conference on urban issues. It was established by the United Nations to examine one of the most pressing issues facing the world today: rapid urbanization and its impact on communities, cities, economies, climate change and policies.
What is the Gender Equality Action Plan (GEAP)? The Gender Equality Action Plan (GEAP) is the means to realize the The UN-Habitat Policy and Plan for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women in Urban and Human Settlements (2014-19). The GEAP has been developed through a consultative process inclusive of UN-Habitat Gender Equality Unit (GEU), UN-Habitat Gender Focal Points (GFPs), and the Advisory Group on Gender Issues (AGGI). It was finally presented at the annual AGGI meeting held during the World Urban Forum (WUF-7) for review and feedback.
Urban Legislation, Land and Governance provides policy and operational support to Governments and cities on urban legislation, land and governance issues. It supports the development of urban legislation and governance models that are gender-responsive and address land problems equitably, including by promoting international guidelines on decentralization, the strengthening of local authorities, and advocating access to basic services for all, along with social inclusion and participation.
В настоящей брошюре содержатся два свода руководящих принципов, одобренных Советом управляющих ООН-Хабитат в 2007 и 2009 годах. Одобрив указанные руководящие принципы, государства-члены Организации Объединенных Наций взяли на себя обязательство содействовать децентрализации и укреплению местных органов власти, а также обеспечению всеобщего доступа к основным услугам.
Данные руководящие принципы призваны оказать содействие проведению реформ политики и принятию законодательных мер на страновом уровне в двух взаимодополняющих областях полномочий ООН-Хабитат.
The guidelines outline the main principles underlying the democratic, constitutional/legal and administrative aspects of local governance and decentralization. At the same time they must be applied to specific conditions of State form (federal, regionalized or unitary), with different State traditions (for example, Napoleonic, Germanic or Anglo-Saxon, as well as traditions found in Asia, or in the Arab world).