Cities are our destiny. Visions of a non- or de-urbanizing world, while interesting and important intellectual creations of the 20th century, arIn a world where the number of young people has become the largest in history relative to the adult population, the need to take urgent and ever more innovative approaches to the problems facing them is greater than ever.e no longer credible.
Crime does not happen spontaneously. It grows out of an unequal and exclusive society, and outof a lack of institutional and social control. Moreover, the criminal justice system, including police, courts and sons, is poorly adapted to the rapidly changing urban environment, and is unable to respond to the oncerns and needs of urban dwellers, particularly the poor.
As part of a crime survey conducted in Nairobi from April to July 2001, which indicated that youth delinquency is considered as a problem by the residents of Nairobi, a youth offender profile was carried out. The study aimed at identifying the family and social-economic backgrounds of young offenders, their personal characteristics, their experiences in crime, their reasons and motivations for being involved in crimes, their experiences with police and the justice system, their opinions and hopes for the future.
One of the most significant causes of fear and insecurity in many cities today is crime and violence. Between 1990 and 2000, incidents of violent crime per 100,000 persons increased from 6 to 8.8. Recent studies show that over the past five years, 60 per cent of all urban residents in the world have been victims of crime, with 70 per cent in Latin America and the Caribbean. Clearly, crime, whether violent or not, is a growing and serious threat to urban safety all over the world.
It is projected that by 2030, two-thirds of humanity will be living in towns and cities around the world. Another feature of the new urban age is that the global number of slum dwellers is now set to top the 1 billion mark. At this turning point in history, UN-HABITAT surveys show crime and fear of crime to be perhaps the most influential factors in our daily lives dictating where we choose to live, how to behave, where to go, and where to work.
The challenges facing cities with regards to the impacts of growing violence and insecurity are numerous and daunting. The need to address crime prevention in cities is apparent.
This brochure highlights the Safer Cities approach run by UN-HABITAT's Safer Cities Programme. In it, a brief background and objective of the programme is provided. An overview of the various approaches the programme takes and success stories are also highlighted.
‘I’m a City Changer’ is the awareness-raising initiative of World Urban Campaign. It is about:
• Positive urban development
• Solutions to urban challenges
• Giving voice to cities and people to change our urban future.
The Global Network on Safer Cities is part of the World Urban Campaign. The Network’s role is toadvocate for urban safety and local crime and violence prevention all over the world, as a hub for sharing andlearning on initiatives, actions, and policies driving positive change.
Esta Guía ha sido realizada en colaboración entre la Agencia de Naciones Unidas HABITAT y la Universidad Jesuita Alberto Hurtado (UAH) de Chile. Quiere ser una herramienta para todas las personas u organizaciones que implementan o deseen implementar, complementar o ajustar políticas y programas relacionados con la prevención de la delincuencia y la violencia en los países y ciudades de Latinoamérica, región fuertemente golpeada y sensible a este tema.
In many cities women and girls face violence not only in their homes and in relationships, but also in public spaces due to poor urban design and poor management of public spaces. Whether it is due to threats, intimidation, harassment, sexual attacks or rape, all aggression seriously inhibits women from moving around the city because they feel unsafe. Women and girls are often targets of violence due to their vulnerability, and this vulnerability perpetuates their position in society.