In this lecture Fernando Murillo from University of Buenos Aires discusses the “Compass” of cities – a participatory methodology for policy making . It consists of different indicators represented graphically as a “Compass”, combining four fundamental dimensions dealing with the progressive fulfilment of human rights.
It is projected that by 2030, two-thirds of humanity will be living in towns and cities around the world. Another feature of the new urban age is that the global number of slum dwellers is now set to top the 1 billion mark. At this turning point in history, UN-HABITAT surveys show crime and fear of crime to be perhaps the most influential factors in our daily lives dictating where we choose to live, how to behave, where to go, and where to work.
The challenges facing cities with regards to the impacts of growing violence and insecurity are numerous and daunting. The need to address crime prevention in cities is apparent.
This brochure highlights the Safer Cities approach run by UN-HABITAT's Safer Cities Programme. In it, a brief background and objective of the programme is provided. An overview of the various approaches the programme takes and success stories are also highlighted.
The ICT, Urban Governance and Youth report is the fourth report in the Global Youth-Led Development series. The report provides a conceptual framework which reflects the rapidly changing dynamics in three areas of urban development: the demographics of the fastest growing segment of urban populations, youth (ages 15 to 24); information and communications technology (ICT) and particularly mobile phones; and governance, particularly local governance in the developing world. This report takes into account the special characteristics of young, technologically savvy citizens.
The lack of recognition of the right of self-determination and the large-scale dispossession and degradation of their lands, resources and territories has had a devastating effect on indigenous peoples’ livelihoods, cultures and overall socio-economic conditions. Widespread poverty and destitution flowing from this has had a significant impact on their housing. Indigenous peoples often lack security of tenure and live constantly with the threat of forced eviction from their homes and/or lands.
Moçambique situa-se na costa oriental de África, é um país com uma população aproximada de 20 milhões de habitantes. Saído de uma Guerra civil devastadora em 1992, o país tem crescido a uma taxa anual de quase10%.
A sua recuperação pós-guerra tem sido referenciada como um processo exemplar. Moçambique à imagem de outros países em vias de desenvolvimento enfrenta uma nova problemática, relacionada com os novos migrantes para os centros urbanos, a população urbana em Moçambique é constituída por cerca de 7 milhões de habitantes.
The National Urban Profile focuses on the findings of a desk-study, interviews with key actors and a town consultation with key urban actors and institutions. Consultation participants agreed to address the salient urban issues including poverty, insecurity, corruption, pollution and crime all problems that negatively affect investments and economic development.
A consensus was reached on priority interventions in the form of programme and project proposals to be implemented.
Le profil national est la synthèse des conclusions d’un bureau d’études, d’entretiens avec les acteurs clés et d’informations communiquées par les autorités. Les différents participants aux consultations se sont entendus sur la nécessité de délimiter leurs domaines de recherche sur les aspects marquants des problèmes rencontrés dans les villes, à savoir la pauvreté urbaine, les problèmes d’organisation notamment en ce qui concerne la gouvernance, l’accès aux services de base, les différentes formes de discrimination, la pollution etc.
La structure urbaine de la plupart des centres urbains du Niger est caractérisée par l’existence de noyaux d’habitat anciens, auxquels se sont juxtaposés des lotissements successifs. La filière de l’auto-construction constitue le mode dominant de production des logements. La quasi-totalité des logements locatifs sont fournis par le secteur informel, les normes de confort et d’hygiène y étant souvent déplorables.