Harmonization of the Legal Systems Resolving Land Disputes in Somaliland and Puntland

The last several decades have seen a change in the legal landscape relating to land in Puntland and Somaliland. Traditionally, both regions have consisted primarily of large swaths of rural and agricultural land, owned in common by clans and subclans in accordance with customary law. While the customary system is also capable of recognizing individual rights and grievances of members of the community in question, it remains primarily accessible to male members of the majority clan.

亚洲的低成本土地和住房 (Affordable Land and Housing in Asia)

在大多数国家中,获取低成本土地和住房是当前的一个严峻挑战。虽然不同的国家和地区面临的挑战各有差别,但一个普遍存在的事实是对大多数城市居民来说,获得并持有适足且低成本的土地和住房正变得越来越困难。《适足住房丛书》的前四册记述了在四个面临着严峻的低成本问题的地区中的低成本土地和住房现状:拉丁美洲和加勒比地区、亚洲、非洲、欧洲和北美[联合国欧洲经济委员会(United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)成员国]。每一册均首先探讨了住房条件、住房可得性、住房质量和住房保有权形式的主要发展趋势。随后,每册针对日益严峻的低成本性问题和不合标准的住房条件改善问题,分析了相应的住房政策。最后,为地方、国家和国际的政策措施提供了一些能够增加相应地区低成本住房供给的关键性建议。

Urban Safety and Good Governance The Role of the Police

Throughout the world, violence, delinquency and fear undermine the basic right of individuals to live in peace and fully benefit from a healthy and sustainable community. These elements make no real distinction between prosperous and poor cities, and impose aconsiderable cost on the population, particularly through the decline of communities, the increase in health and security expenditures and the deterioration of investments. Violence and fear directly threaten life in society, good governance and the sustainable development of the world’s communities and neighbourhoods.

Improving Women’s Access to Land in Eastern DRC: Challenges and Emerging Opportunities

UN Habitat has been working in the eastern DRC since 2009, and the purpose of this study is to help better understand and integrate gender issues into existing programming, and to guide future activities to improve and support women’s access to land in the region.

The study seeks to develop a baseline understanding of women’s access to land, with particular focus on the barriers under customary and statutory regimes faced by women as daughters, wives, widows, displaced, and how they are coping with these conditions.

Land Access and Youth Livelihood Opportunities in Southern Ethiopia

This study aims to examine current land access and youth livelihood opportunities in Southern Ethiopia.  We used survey data from the relatively land abundant districts of Oromia Region and from the land scarce districts of Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ (SNNP) Region. Although access to agricultural land is a constitutional right for rural residents of Ethiopia, we found that youth in the rural south have limited potential to obtain agricultural land that can be a basis for viable livelihood. The law prohibits the purchase and sale of land in Ethiopia.

Land Tenure Security in Selected Countries

Secure land and property rights for all are essential to reducing poverty because they underpin economic development and social inclusion. Secure land tenure and property rights enable people in urban and rural areas to invest in improved homes and livelihoods. Although many countries have completely restructured their legal and regulatory framework related to land and they have tried to harmonize modern statutory law with customary ones, millions of people around the world still have insecure land tenure and property rights.

Youth-Led Action Research on Land Commencement Workshop

The land challenge is central to the broader youth dynamics of migration, employment, livelihoods and belonging. The more than 1.8 billion youth living worldwide represent not only a land challenge, but an untapped potential in moving the tenure security agenda forward.

Youth-led Action Research on Land builds on previous youth and land engagement and consultations that have identified critical needs and knowledge gapsin the space of youth and land.