Tapping tax revenue for development - Discussion Paper No. 1, Kiambu County

This discussion paper examines the enormous potential of fiscal restructuring at the local level in achieving inclusive economic and social development. The paper looks at Kiambu County, a rapidly growing and urbanizing part of metropolitan Nairobi.

The County’s economy is agricultural-based and agricultural products and natural resource processing industries are becoming increasingly important. At the same time, due to the County’s urban character the majority of its residents are involved in retail businesses.

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Realizing The Human Rights To Water And Sanitation: Finance

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State budgets are vital tools for translating human rights obligations into practical reality. This booklet outlines how States can meet these obligations by allocating the maximum available resources for the realisation of all human rights, and, in this context, the human rights to water and sanitation.Specifically, this booklet outlines how the human rights to water and sanitation are integrated into the four stages of a State’s budget cycle: formulation, enactment, execution and oversight.

Guide to Municipal Finance

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This Guide to Municipal Finance describes the current issues in municipal finance and the ways in which local governments finance services and infrastructure. It sets out a basic economic framework that is used to evaluate the different aspects of municipal finance and that can be used by readers to evaluate other options.

The Guide emphasizes that responsible, accountable, and efficient local governments need to raise their own revenues as much possible, adhere to an open and visible municipal budgetary process, and engage in transparent and prudent financial management.

The Sub Prime Crisis: The Crisis of Over-Spending

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The subprime crisis refers to the collapse of subprime mortgage markets in the United States due to the sharp rise in foreclosures beginning in 2006, which led to the failure, merger, and government bailout of leading American financial institutions and enterprises.

This report examines the causes and impacts of subprime crisis. The report examines the elements causing the crisis, particularly the over-spending behaviors of both governments and individuals and deregulation and lack of monitoring.

Clustering for Competitiveness: Urban Patterns for a Green Economy

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Part of a series of four entitled Urban Patterns for a Green Economy, this guide argues that strategic investment in physical infrastructure with the diversification of economies allows cities to play a specialized role in polycentric urban development.

Furthermore, it suggests that green economic development can be achieved through the development of green clusters and green jobs. Finally, this guide argues that a number of green economy outcomes may be reached through efficiencies and shared infrastructure, rather than duplication.

 

The Competitiveness of Cities

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Urban competitiveness has become one of  the central issues in public policy today. This has long been the case for cities (taken to refer both to cities and urban regions) in the industrialized countries, especially during the past three decades. The study of urban competitiveness is central to the achievement of the development goals each population sets for itself.

 

This report concludes with a set of policy suggestions to guide local leaders who choose to take up the challenge of enhancement of the competitiveness of their city.

53 UN-Habitat Model Projects 2013/2014 , Time to Think Urban

The efforts of UN-Habitat have been focused on building a brighter future for developing cities, which are most in need of support in guiding the process of urbanization. This catalogue of projects centres on three fundamental generators of wealth and employment in cities: planning and urban design, urban law and urban economy. It includes experiences in applying UN-Habitat's methodology of community participation in the provision of basic services, housing and urban reconstruction.

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