The annual rate of population growth in the last census period (2001-2010) has reached 7.6%, the country’s population is projected to reach 2.2 million by 2030. The youth population aged between15-30 years comprises 30% of the total population; thus the Kingdom of Bahrain has embarked on the development of appropriate initiatives and schemes to meet the social, cultural and economic needs of this group in recognition of its significance as a human capital and a dividend that has the potential for achieving sustainable development.
Migration, especially forced migration, is one of the defining phenomena of the 21st century. Millions of people across the global have fled armed conflicts, persecutions, natural disasters, and/or economic hardships in recent years. Whether they crossed national borders or stayed within the geographic limits of the country in which they originally resided, their ultimate movement has mostly been towards cities. It is impossible to stop the influx of migrants into urban areas in the foreseeable future.
Cities throughout the world are witnessing rapid growth, thus increasing the demand for high-quality services and necessitating that governments and municipalities develop improved solutions that fulfill the requirements for sustainable urban development and assure the social, economic, and environmental interactions distinctive of cities in the modern era. The observable acceleration in urbanization is taking place within a framework that entails expanding globalization, intensifying competition, continuous technological development, and the transformation to smart cities.