The UN-Habitat country office in Lebanon was initiated in late 2006. As the country has faced two large scale crises - the 2006 July-War on Lebanon, and the Syrian Refugee Crisis - the programme steered most of its activities to focus on responding to emerging issues through housing reconstruction, shelter provision, basic services upgrading while also laying the foundation for long term sustainable solutions. The projects of UN-Habitat in Lebanon is aligned along specific key focus areas
Neighbourhood Profiles of Disadvantaged Areas
Since the beginning of the Syrian refugee crisis in 2011, Lebanon has hosted a large number of Syrian refugees, many of whom are located alongside other vulnerable non-Lebanese and poor Lebanese in urban settings that were already stressed before the crisis onset. In a long-standing national context of scarce data, combined with ever-growing pressure to maximize efficiencies in intervention funding, there is an urgent need for reliable multisectoral and spatialized information.
Such holistic, area-based data can support municipalities and other state and non-state entities to mitigate vulnerabilities for all residents living together in an area and for reducing community tensions, such as host-refugee ones. UN-Habitat-UNICEF neighbourhood profiles offer such a springboard for moving towards sustainable development, shedding light on how relatively fixed built environments and relatively mobile social dimensions interface with each other in specific contexts.
Housing Rehabilitation in Greater Beirut City
The Beirut Port explosion of 4 August 2020 resulted in devastating loss of life, injury, and the destruction of vast tracts of urban fabric within Greater Beirut, particularly within the municipalities of Beirut and Bourj Hammoud. Vast building and housing stock were damaged – at varying levels – ranging from minor repairs, substantial repairs, structural repairs, and some beyond repair.
It is estimated that more than 300,000 people were directly impacted by the blast, including 60,000 families whose homes were damaged, with thousands displaced due to being evacuated following severe structural damages to their homes.