The focus of the spatial dimension of development plans has become just as important as the sectoral dimension as one of the main tools to achieve balanced development among various regions and areas. It also helps achieve balance between the development of the domestic economy and the basic infrastructure while establishing the principles of justice and equal opportunity in public service provision.

The Unified Building Law No. 119 of 2008 is the legislative framework governing matters related to urban development at various national and regional levels as well as the governorate level (cities and villages) through strategic plans which indicate the objectives, policies, socio-economic development plans and the urban environment needed for achieving sustainable development. This Law also specifies the future requirements for urban extension; various land uses; programs, priorities and implementation mechanisms; and financing sources at each of the above mentioned levels.