Local governments have the proximity, legitimacy and scale, in most countries of the world, of being directly elected by the citizens; becoming the closest sphere of government and the first gate for people´s participation in public affairs.
UN-Habitat works with partner countries and local governments to support the improvement of their law making processes as they affect the urban environment. This may involve the reform or development of a particular tool or a broader review of the urban legal framework as well as sharing information and experiences.
UN-Habitat has proposed a new approach for land readjustment called PILaR - Participatory and Inclusive Land Readjustment. The approach addresses many of the challenges of conventional land readjustment.
The approach also emphasizes early and consistent, but realistic, stakeholder participation to encourage community input and the ultimate ownership of the urban redevelopment.
Today, there are more than 1.2 billion youth in the world, the largest number of youth ever to have existed. These youth live, by and large, in cities and towns; the cities of the developing world account for over 90 per cent of the world’s urban growth and youth account for a large percentage of those inhabitants. It is estimated that as many as 60 per cent of all urban dwellers will be under the age of 18 by 2030. This urban demographic “youth bulge” represents both a challenge as well as an untapped potential in moving the land rights and tenure security agenda forward.