Informal settlements are a global urban phenomenon. They exist in urban contexts all over the world, in various forms and typologies, dimensions, locations. While urban informality is more present in cities in developing countries, housing informality and substandard living conditions can also be found in developed countries.
"Making Slums History A Global Challenge for 2020"
We, the participants gathered in Rabat, Morocco, from 26 to 28 November 2012 at the international conference "Making Slums History: a worldwide challenge for 2020", under the High Patronage of His Majesty the King to review and share global progress in improving the living conditions of slum dwellers between 2000 and 2010 and devise a strategy for inclusive, sustainable and prosperous cities.
According to UN‐Habitat estimates, between the year 2000 and 2010 a total of 227 million people in developing countries have experienced significant improvements in living conditions. In other words, governments have managed to beat by a multiple of 2.2 MDG Target 7‐D, namely to "Significantly improve living conditions for a least 100 million slum dwellers by 2020."
On the 3rd to 6th of September, 2013, the African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States, the European Commission, and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) hosted the 2nd International Tripartite Conference on Sustainable Urbanisation for Urban Poverty Eradication, with a special focus on Slum Upgrading and Community Empowerment.
Urban indicators are regularly collected in a sample of cities worldwide in order to report on progress in the twenty key areas of the Habitat Agenda at the city level. Data collection is conducted through local and national urban observatories as well as through selected regional institutions.
The global urban indicators database 2 contains policy-oriented indicators for more than 200 cities worldwide. Its results have been analyzed and incorporated in the State of the World's Cities Report 2001.
Drawing on the experience from the Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme (PSUP), international research on slum and informal settlement upgrading, this quick guide provides planning design recommendations for slum and informal settlement upgrading, building on and enhancing UN-Habitat’s current five principles for sustainable neighborhood planning