Guidelines: scope and intended audience
These guidelines, aimed at decision makers and implementers across four main stakeholder groups (government, assistance agencies, the built environment sector, and disaster-affected communities), aims to increase the level of knowledge about technical assistance and operationalise its implementation, so that the reconstruction of housing in disaster-affected communities results in sustainably safer housing. The project, executed by UN-Habitat and supported by AXA, has resulted in a document in two parts, Part A and Part B.
Part A–Why Technical Assistance?
Part A describes the current context of post-disaster housing recovery and what the role of technical assistance could be in ensuring safer housing reconstruction in disaster-affected communities. It then briefly outlines principles for housing recovery, before determining ten (10) guiding principles for technical assistance. The principles are summarised as follows:
- Everyone has a right to advice
- Harness all capacity available to provide technical assistance
- Be strategic to optimise scarce resources for maximum impact
- Timing matters. Start early and sustain assistance.
- Action plan and be flexible. Housing and technical assistance are iterative processes.
- Adopt joined up approaches for multi-dimensional topics
- Technical assistance is an investment in people
- Local is more sustainable. Promote subsidiarity.
- Take a long view. Learn from the past and prepare for the future.
- Aspirations are insufficient. Technical assistance strategies should be realistic and deliver.
Part A then outlines key recommendations for stakeholders, and ends with an overview of initiatives and organisations relevant to technical assistance in housing recovery
Part B–What Technical Assistance: Thematic Chapters
Part B is a compendium of guidance for planning and implementing technical assistance activities in an effort to operationalise the principles set out in the introduction guide. Consisting of 11 thematic chapters, Part B addresses organisational arrangements, roles and relationships, funding, cross-cutting issues, disaster risk management cycles, and institutionalisation. These 11 chapters are not meant to serve as a step-by-step manual, but rather present options for technical assistance activities. Each chapter consists of an introduction, a generalised strategy, risks and challenges, factors to consider, and guidance on individual activities. Brief descriptions of each thematic chapter are presented below along with a diagram illustrating the structure of the document.