A NUP is understood as “a coherent set of decisions through a deliberate government-led process of coordinating and rallying various actors towards a common vision and goal that will promote more transformative, productive, inclusive and resilient urban development for the long term” (UN-Habitat/Cities Alliance, 2014). The uniqueness of NUP also lies in its ability to converge national sectoral urban polices and help to clarify roles and responsibilities horizontally across ministries as well as vertically between all levels of government.
A NUP provides the required coordination mechanism needed to promote equitable urban development. Implementing NUP could lead to enhanced local and national economic growth and ensure an equitable quality of life for all while protecting the environment. As a coordinating framework, NUP should not only be comprised of a list of corrective measures but also encourage proactive actions that foster economic, social and environmentally sensitive development.
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The programme is successful due to the extensive partnerships it has within the urban sphere. One of such is the National Urban Policy Programme (NUPP) which is a collaboration with OECD and Cities Alliance. This was launched during the Habitat III conference in Quito, Ecuador to support far-reaching transformation of cities and countries towards sustainable urbanization.