Hosting 30 percent of the urban population of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia and the diplomatic centre of Africa, is one of the fastest growing cities on the continent. Its population is currently thought to be 4 million. Its geographic location, combined with its political and socio-economic status have made it a melting pot to hundreds of thousands of people coming from all corners of the country in search of employment opportunities and services.
High rate of unemployment (31%), concentration of slum dwellings, and poor housing, infrastructure and sanitary development, characterize Addis Ababa more than the few good features it posses. The challenge is not only to reverse current situation through balancing the economic growth with the population increase, but also to catch up with decades of neglect.