Juba Strategic Plan 2023 Since 2016 aligned with the Humanitarian Response Plan and The United Nations Interim Cooperation Framework, UN-Habitat has successfully supported South Sudan's peace and development process. Founded by the Booyoung Grant, "The Juba Strategic Plan" provides a comprehensive overview of the current city's social, economic, political, environmental, and spatial context, focusing on the complex migration dynamics from IDPs, returnees, and refugees. The main objective is to identify the critical urgent problems and support the local government to prioritize the challenges and opportunities to develop innovative solutions through evidence-based urban planning and facilitate decision-making.
UN-Habitat Iraq Newsletter – January 2023 (Arabic) 2023 UN-Habitat Iraq January 2023 Newsletter: Provides an update on UN-Habitat’s activities in Iraq as well as relevant policy and advocacy topics.
Urban Climate Action - The Urban Content of the NDCs: Global Review 2022 2023 The world is on track to reach a peak global temperature rise by 2100 that far exceeds the 1.5⁰C target needed to reduce the worst climate change impacts. Cities are particularly critical as they account for 70% of greenhouse gas emissions, consume 78% of the world’s energy and will comprise 68% of the global population by 2050. This report explores the linkage between national climate plans known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and urban issues.
UN-Habitat Iraq Newsletter – January 2023 (English) 2023 UN-Habitat Iraq January 2023 Newsletter: Provides an update on UN-Habitat’s activities in Iraq as well as relevant policy and advocacy topics.
Report on Socio-Economic Conditions, Businesses and Local Economic Development – UN-Habitat Dadaab Survey 2021 2023 This report is based on a study designed to establish prevailing socio-economic conditions, the nature of businesses and the local economic development in the Dadaab area, and the trends of urbanization in Garissa County, Kenya. This report is focused on Households’ Socio-Economic Conditions, utilities and basic services assessments and Businesses and Local Economic Development (LED) in Dadaab, the report concludes with key recommendations
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF HOUSING ACTS IN FIVE COUNTRIES: BOLIVIA (PLURINATIONAL STATE OF), BOTSWANA, ETHIOPIA, NIGERIA, AND SOUTH AFRICA: URBAN LEGAL CASE STUDIES, VOLUME 13 2023 UN-Habitat provides technical assistance and advisory services to member states in legal reform processes to bring about social and economic transformation and enhance effective service delivery for sustainable urban development. Benchmarking case studies and comparative analysis are key aspects of the UN-Habitat methodology for legal and governance reform. UN-Habitat and the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies at the University of London, UK developed this comparative analysis of housing laws to assist the Government of Lesotho to address the increased demand for urban housing, improve residents’ quality of life, enhance services accessibility, and improve mobility and security of tenure, while recognizing the environmental impact of climate change.

This comparative analysis report provides an insight into available housing legislative models that are already in use in Bolivia (the Plurinational State of), Botswana, Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Africa. These are countries with similar socioeconomic backgrounds, land availability and environmental constraints and challenges. With a comparative analysis of housing legislation, recommendations have been proposed on the best model available that could be entirely adopted or modified by the Lesotho Government to suit its country’s needs and local context.

To complement this analysis, an additional report was developed that contains the shortlisted policy options to achieve the policy aims of the National Housing Policy of 2018 for Lesotho. Several policy options have been identified and an analysis and discussion of their potential impact provided that compares the advantages and disadvantages of each in terms of costs and benefits (wherever appropriate). This will establish which option or combination of options would achieve the objectives and ultimately the policy aims.
Executive Director’s Report 2022 2023
Guidelines For the Scrutiny of the Quality of Urban Legislation: A Manual for Parliamentarians 2023 Urban legislation is an important development tool for urban growth as it provides a framework in which to mediate and balance competing public and private interests, especially in relation to land use and development; creates a stable and predictable framework for public and private sector action; guarantees the inclusion of the interests of vulnerable groups; and provides a catalyst for local and national discourse.

Parliaments are the main branch of government with the constitutional mandate to legislate and adopt legislation. This is a significant privilege, but it is also an important responsibility for parliaments that need to make sure, firstly that they produce legislation of the best possible quality; secondly, that the law is producing the desired results; and thirdly that required action is taken to correct “errors” and improve its effectiveness. What might read like a good urban law before adoption might produce unwanted effects and impacts or might need to be amended to fully respond to needs in reality. Legislative scrutiny is a systematic process that needs to take place throughout the life cycle of legislation.

Consequently, UN-Habitat, in collaboration with the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, University of London, UK has prepared these Guidelines for the Scrutiny of the Quality of Urban Legislation: A Manual for Parliamentarians to act as a point of reference and reflection into quality law-making for all parliamentarians and lawmakers, with the hope of stimulating discussion over ways to address shortcomings in urban legal frameworks.
Municipal Solid Waste Management Audit Report for Taita Taveta County 2023 UN-Habitat has collaborated with Kenya’s Taita Taveta County in strengthening climate action and improving urban environment in the county. Through our Regional Office for Africa and Urban Basic Services Branch, a collaboration framework with the Taita Taveta County was developed and an assessment and audit of the performance of the County Municipal Solid Waste Management System (MSWM) conducted using the Waste Wise Cities Tool (WaCT), developed by UN-Habitat. This Municipal Solid Waste Management Audit Report for Taita Taveta County contains the findings of the assessment and audit and further provides a reliable baseline for maintaining a circular and financially sustainable waste management system that efficiently uses natural resources, generates economic opportunities and establishes healthy living conditions for the residents of the County.
Enabling Meaningful Public Participation in Spatial Planning Processes 2023 The Sustainable Development Goals and New Urban Agenda emphasize the need for inclusive and collaborative governance in spatial planning processes. Thus, rather than advocating for a technocratic and normative model of spatial planning based on standards and regulations, the Goals and the New Urban Agenda refer to spatial planning as a multi-stakeholder decision-making process during which participation is a key governance feature to reach sustainable development.

This toolkit on Enabling Meaningful Public Participation in Spatial Planning Processes has demonstrated that there is no “one-size-fits-all” approach to public participation. The toolkit features a step-by-step process perspective on how to engage the public and civil society and has a series of mechanisms that can be adapted and aggregated in the form of policy mixes that can better suit the local context, the stage of the process and the available resources. More importantly, rather than using participation as a “symbolic gesture”, with little transformative impact on urban governance structures and systems, it is recommended to foster the empowerment and autonomy of social movements and local stakeholders and entrust citizens and residents with real decision-making powers.
To ensure that all stakeholders, and most importantly priority groups, have the capacities and resources to participate in the whole planning process, the toolkit presents flexible legal, governance, fiscal, and digital tools that governments at all levels can mobilize to regulate the inclusive and effective nature of participation. Overall, rather than just presenting a mere list of tools to follow, this toolkit will provide support for policymakers in mainstreaming meaningful participation when designing planning processes. The implementation of the participatory mechanisms presented here will also assist public institutions to reposition technicians and spatial planners as facilitators of processes of consensus building and collective territorial intelligence construction. Furthermore, the case studies in the text boxes provide insights into the challenges and opportunities of possible solutions for which these urban practitioners can pursue.