The Urban Recovery Framework (URF) is a key instrument to enhance responses to urban crises. The aim of the URF is to create an enabling environment for more effective recovery in urban areas, affected by natural or man-made crises, including conflict. It clarifies institutional and multi-level governance arrangements, policies and plans, the coordination mechanisms and the financing instruments needed to drive and steer the implementation of immediate and medium-term urban recovery interventions while laying the foundations for longer-term resilience. The URF in Syria has been framed around seven intersecting pillars.
This policy brief and series of thematic papers were developed through multi-stakeholder initiatives funded by the European Union, with the aim to inform humanitarian and resilience policy dialogue on Syria, and beyond. Five of the thematic papers correspond to the seven pillars of the URF, while two (displacement and monitoring) are transversal in nature.
Each paper considers a recovery model with implementation of selected interventions across timescales. Recommendations follow a ‘recovery ladder’ structure that identifies phased priority interventions. This is a starting point to identify opportunities for absorptive, adaptive, and transformative measures using area-based approaches.
The recovery ladder is divided into three “phases” with corresponding measures:
- Absorptive: responding to immediate needs for stabilization, including need for basic services and livelihoods
- Adaptive: medium-term response, including conditions for improvements within the current legal and organisational setting
- Transformative: longer-term, including disruptive and bounce-forward measures
The reader is recommended to consider the analysis included in all seven thematic papers, in order to establish a complete perspective on the entry points for conflict sensitive area-based urban recovery in Syria, with lessons for other urban crises.