India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) was created in 2008. This broad national policy was the basis on which the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) was prepared. India’s federal structure distributes powers at national and state levels, and the implementation of the NAPCC is envisioned through the formulation of State Action Plans for Climate Change (SAPCC). Implementation of these will require clear Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems and access to finance.
Under the current system, climate data collection and communication across different levels of government could be improved. Local governments’ access to climate finance is also limited due to lack of mandate and knowledge on funding sources, limited technical capacity to design and implement bankable projects with clear risk mitigation, and absence of engagement with donors and financiers. These challenges all point toward a need for strengthened vertical integration to create better conditions for the implementation of the NDC and for India’s climate adaptation and mitigation strategies at sub-national levels.