Post-conflict contexts are situations “in which open warfare has come to an end. Such situations remain tense for years or decades and can easily relapse into large-scale violence”. A post-conflict context can further be characterized by negative or positive peace, the former of which is characterized by indirect and structural violence and not only direct violence.
Positive peace entails restoration of relationships, the creation of social systems that serve the needs of the whole population and the constructive resolution of conflict. This can only be achieved through inclusion of all stakeholders.