manual training needs assessmentTraining aims to change and improve the individual and their organization's performance. However, when financial resources are scarce assessment and evaluation are often among the first steps to be cut back, in particular as they are perceived as rather complicated.

This manual provides the basic theory of, and affordable methods for, conducting training needs assessment and training outcome evaluation along with concrete tips and tools to support their practical application. It is primarily intended for use by training institutions providing capacity development activities related to sustainable urban development, although other actors may find it useful as well. Local governments and other organizations who are recipients of training could benefit from using this manual to assess internal needs before engaging in training institutions.