Mogadishu, Somali’s capital city is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. It is currently experiencing an unprecedented rate of urbanization, often driven by relative peace, recurrent draught and floods, IDP influx and returnees from neighbouring countries and beyond. The city is on its way to re-establish a functioning government that provides for services to all of its residents, launching programs to improve urban services and to involve local communities into road construction. International donors and the Somali Diaspora support reconstruction and development efforts. While these activities have undoubtedly improved the quality of life, urban planning experts continue to stress the urgent need to coordinate, control and guide developments in the interest of all parts of the urban society.
Worldwide, many cities use Spatial Strategic Plans as a proper tool for steering their long term city development. Not the plan itself is important, but the plan together with solid urban legislation, a good planning design and a municipal finance and economic strategy. Furthermore – no planning without proper consultation and public participation. However, as a result of years of conflict, there is no tradition of strategic urban planning in Mogadishu
This booklet and the planning process described is a starting point for guiding further long-term development initiatives like the Mogadishu Spatial Strategic Plan Plan and to apply tools for land management and balanced area development.
It was developed by UN-Habitat under the Joint Programme on Local Governance and Decentralized Service Delivery (JPLG) to enhance its capacities to manage the rapid urbanization process in line with Somalia National Development Plan and its new strategy and vision to facilitate peace and stability, economic development, integration of internally displaced people and suitable solutions that address the increasing housing shortage.