The new Goals and Targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that came into effect on 1 January 2016, will guide the decisions over the next fifteen years. All countries will work to implement the Agenda at the regional and global levels, taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development, including national policies and priorities.

The CPI has the potential to be a global monitoring framework for indicators and targets of Goal 11. In fact, the CPI framework can integrate all indicators of Goal 11 and a selected number of other SDG indicators that have an urban component. It will enhance monitoring capacities of cities and will increase the prospects of higher accountability in the implementation of the 2030 development agenda. Countries that decide to use the CPI will be able to identify, quantify, evaluate, monitor and report on progress made by cities and countries, towards SDG Goal 11 in a more structure manner. UN-Habitat will provide technical assistance as needed.