Policy Recommendations Paper: Urban development in Africa and the role of participatory city-wide slum upgrading for urban sustainability and the prevention of new slums

Slums are a human construct, representing a certain economic system in urban centres related to informality and weak governance, and resulting from speculative land markets and a general lack of planning and the neglect of long term investment in infrastructure and housing1. Slums are defined by the absence of: adequate housing2, basic urban services,
security of tenure and sufficient living area. It is widely accepted that they are a one of the most visible manifestations of poverty.

Share

QUICK GUIDE for participatory, city-wide slum upgrading: Supporting national and city-wide slum upgrading and prevention through national urban policy

This quick guide provides urban decision makers with the key messages and actions as to why a National Urban Policy is an
important process and outcome to support improvements to the lives of slum dwellers. In particular, the document outlines how a National Urban Policy supports the development of national and city-wide slum upgrading strategies. A National Urban Policy can help promote a positive mind-set towards slum dwellers and thus set a an inclusive and ‘pro-poor’ tone for subsequent legislation, regulation and planning frameworks.

Share

QUICK GUIDE for participatory, city-wide slum upgrading: Participation for inclusive, city-wide slum upgrading

Participation has been identified as a key mechanism to promote urban equity and is a ‘pre-condition’ for inclusive sustainable urbanization.
This quick guide provides urban managers with the tools and messages to embrace participation in city-wide slum upgrading and as a tool to promote inclusive outcomes that benefits everyone, including slum dwellers.

Share

QUICK GUIDE for participatory, city-wide slum upgrading: City-Wide slum upgrading for sustainable urbanization

City-wide, ‘at scale’ participatory slum upgrading refers to a strategic slum upgrading choice and approach to poverty
alleviation. It emphasizes the integration of all stakeholders – including urban managers and slum dwellers themselves
– and is a process undertaken across all scales - from the local to the metropolitan level. It is an inclusive, integrated,
‘city-wide approach’ which recognizes that slum and informal settlement dwellers must be part of, and integrated into

Share

Sustainable Urban Development and Agenda 2030: UN-Habitat’s Programme Framework: PSUP; Transforming the Lives of One Billion Slum Dwellers

ŸIn the world today, one in eight people or 1 billion people on earth live in slums.
ŸŸThe proportion of slum dwellers is most acute in Africa (at 55.9 per cent), followed by Asia (at 27.9 per cent), and Latin America and the Caribbean (at 21.1 per cent)
ŸŸInformal settlements are increasingly found in the developed world too.
ŸŸOne fifth of slum households are headed by women who are often the poorest and most vulnerable

Share

Key Messages for Participatory City-Wide Slum Upgrading: Strengthening the role of women and girls in participatory city-wide slum upgrading

Urban poverty is becoming increasingly feminized1 - there are more women and girls, than men and boys, who live in poverty in urban centers around the world2.
• Slums and informal settlements are one of the most visible urban contexts highlighting female poverty, These settlements are characterized by a disproportionately highlevel
of female-headed households3, which means that women are more likely to experience the five household deprivations of slums and informal settlements4 and have their right to adequate housing5 violated.

Share

Key Messages for Participatory City-Wide Slum Upgrading: Progressively realizing the right to Adequate Housing

Slums and informal settlements are the most visible physical manifestation of the ways in which poor urban planning and a lack of sustainable policy frameworks result in a deficit of adequate housing and serviced land.
Adequate housing in urban contexts is improved when:
1) A commitment to progressively realize the right to adequate housing is promoted by all key stakeholders, and
2) Affordable housing programmes are strategically linked with inclusive and sustainable urban development strategies such as participatory city- wide slum upgrading.

Share

Key Messages for Participatory City-Wide Slum Upgrading: The Informal Economy for local economic development

Many slum dwellers are engaged in economic and livelihood activities that sustain families and contribute to the broader urban economy.
Participatory city-wide slum upgrading is an approach that:
1) Improves all stakeholders understanding of slum dwellers’ contribution to local and city-wide economies and,
2) Harnesses the assets of that activity to strengthen economic activity.
Harnessing and integrating the informal economy into the broader urban context, is thus a quality of life and sustainability win-win for all.

Share

Key Messages for Participatory City-Wide Slum Upgrading: Security of Tenure

Slums and informal settlements are challenges facing many urban contexts. They require innovative and inclusive approaches to solve. Evidence shows that forced evictions are not a short or long-term solution.
Urban dwellers with secure tenure have more long-term and intergenerational stability. This directly promotes sustainable urbanization as local economic development thrives, investments are made to improve living conditions and key human rights are addressed.

Share