UN-Habitat has identified stabilized soil block (SSB) technology as the most suitable to be used for the reconstruction of settlements for returnees (IDPs and Refugees) in Sudan. It is considered eco-friendly, socially inclusive and economically competitive. Community empowerment and training in addition to capacity development of government officials constitute the backbone of the strategy to be implemented in close collaboration with vocational training institutions and COBs.
As a result, more than 330 pilot demonstration buildings, including housing units, were built, and almost 3,000 individuals were trained on SSB production by using manual and motorized machines and through labor-intensive mechanisms. Former implementing partners, in particular international NGOs, are still constructing public facilities using the same SSB technology and are currently demanding more machines.