National governments are traditionally seen as the authority on immigration policy and asylum, however, cities are becoming increasingly important in the integration of migrants. They are the de facto managers of migration as the government level closest to citizens, are impacted the most from migration issues such as social cohesion and providing access to basic services and are therefore the best equipped to identify the needs and challenges on the ground and implement strategies that reflect these needs.

The Mediterranean City-to-City Migration Project (MC2CM) brings together cities and experts on migration issues, human rights, and sustainable urban development in order to improve migration governance at the city level. By increasing the knowledge base on urban migration, MC2CM nurtures peer-to-peer dialogues and actions to support mutual learning on specific urban challenges such as social cohesion, intercultural dialogue, employment, housing rights and provision of basic services for migrants, among others. MC2CM has brought migration to the forefront of respective cities that, until recently, had limited experience in local governance of migration.

Les migrants sont un exemple de diversité culturelle avec l'accumulation de dynamiques qu'ils portent, qui doivent être valorisées et qui leur permettent de transmettre des valeurs particulières

Khady Sakho Niang,DEPT President

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Web-based learning modules were conducted live on topics relating to migration issues
Policy Recommendations were made based on data and shared among the network to improve migration urban governance.
Development of
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City Priority Papers and City Migration Profiles

Related Sustainable Development Goals

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Leaving no one and no place behind

Hover over or click the icons to learn about UN-Habitat's work on social inclusion here.

MC2CM’s overall objective is to contribute to improved human rights-based migration governance at a local level, with a specific focus on integration and inclusion, by providing a platform for cities to share experiences, knowledge, and tools to address challenges related to human rights. The project addresses the needs of specific target groups such as asylum seekers and refugees; and works to ensure human rights are guaranteed, including the right to health, the right to education and the right to adequate housing, by improving migration planning and facilitating cooperation in our network.

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MC2CM emphasizes the needs of specific minorities and vulnerable groups, such as migrant women, girls and other groups such as LGBTQ who are especially vulnerable to human trafficking, gender-based violence and having their rights violated. The project seeks to focus on the integration of gender equality in cities and support women’s participation and leadership in migration governance, their access to shelter, adequate housing and basic services, and reduce the risk of gender-based violence and inequalities.

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Youth and the elderly will also be considered an important group in the activities that are carried out within the project as topics such as unemployment for youth, accessibility to housing for the elderly, financial independence of migrant youth and unaccompanied minors are explored while age-related data is collected for publications and Migration Profiles.

Solutions in different cities will also be highlighted, for instance, the “Youth college” in Vienna showcasing how they welcome and offer education and psychosocial services to migrant youth,  how they finance it, and how they operate under a legal and normative framework is shared among the network.

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MC2CM promotes universal access to housing and basic services, such as the “accessibility criteria” enshrined in the Right to an Adequate Housing, which takes into account the need for all housing solutions to consider people that have reduced accessibility and mobility. Activities and presentations on migrant issues will take into consideration the challenges faced by those with disabilities in integrating into cities and finding solutions for migration planning that incorporate access for all.

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Donors and partners

The MC2CM project is done in collaboration between the project partners using the comparative advantage of each partner: engagement with local governments (UCLG), migration policy and migration governance (ICMPD) and sustainable urban development (UN-Habitat).

In the project, UN-Habitat provides the expertise on sustainable urban development, with a focus on housing, makes the link to the New Urban Agenda and SDG11, leads on regional learning events, seminars, webinars, and learning reports focusing on: housing, urban planning, slum upgrading, forced evictions, basic services such as water and sanitation. ICMPD leads the overall project implementation, including day-to-day management and logistics for all activities, as well as provides inputs and leads on the implementation of selected actions, providing expertise on migration-related matters. UCLG provides expertise and mechanisms to effectively reach out to its members: networks of local authorities and local authorities themselves, including implementation of effective peer learning tools and observatories, definition and dissemination of technical and policy recommendation at local, national and international level.

Our Experts

Christophe Lalande & Jesus Salcedo Villanueva
Housing Unit, Housing and Slum Upgrading Branch