The development of realistic structure plans for Awka, Onitsha, Nnewi, and the surrounding towns. This cooperation was borne out of the need to adopt development strategies for the provision of basic socio-economic and physical infrastructure in fast-growing, unplanned cities to attain sustainable human settlement development. Onitsha, the focus of the structure plan, is the most populous and rapidly expanding commercial and educational centre in Anambra State.
In recent decades, Onitsha has had more than its fair share of the problems that accompany unplanned urban growth. These problems have attracted the attention of many scholars of repute who acknowledged Onitsha's enviable heritage, which makes it an important religious, commercial, and educational centre, while bemoaning its decline due to ongoing bad governance and the consequent failure of land use planning, management, and security systems.