Amman 19 January 2021 -  The Royal Scientific Society (RSS) and UN-Habitat signed an agreement for a joint research project - “COVID-19 in the Wastewater Cycle: Survival, Risk and Surveillance in Jordan” initiated by the UN agency’s  Global Water Operators’ Partnerships Alliance Programme (GWOPA).

The COVID-19 pandemic has reignited interest in wastewater surveillance, specifically how sewage systems are monitored for the presence of viruses, bacteria and other pathogens. The concentration of COVID-19 in wastewater samples provides an early alert to address potential cases, and the detection of the virus in sewage has been employed as a complementary method to clinical testing and indicator of virus’ spread in communities.

Poor urban communities and refugee camps are most vulnerable to COVID-19 outbreaks given the dense and crowded settings, compounded by reduced financial capacity to conduct PCR testing, when needed. Jordan has the second highest refugee population per capita in the world, although approximately 83% are urban-based, the remainder live in one of the 13 refugee camps in Jordan (i.e. 10 camps for Palestinians and 3 for Syrians), according to UNRWA and UNHCR (2020).

Considering the limited resources in Jordan for conducting massive COVID-19 tests, immediate wastewater results can provide considerable advance notice of infection dynamics in Jordanian communities, particularly in vulnerable communities and refugee camps. In that regard, the joint project will be implemented  over 6 months to address the presence and fate of COVID-19 in the wastewater cycle from the source points at King Abdullah University Hospital  (Figure 1) in Irbid to the wastewater treatment plant. The project will propose a sustainable early warning system in Azraq Syrian refugee camp (Figure 2) and Jerash Palestinian refugee camp (Figure 3) through tracking and monitoring COVID-19 in wastewater. The Water and Environment Centre and Bio-Safety and Bio-Security Centre at the RSS, will be in charge of implementing this project, which seeks to complement the efforts of RSS in wastewater monitoring and assessment across Jordan.

Figure 1: King Abdullah University Hospital
Figure 1: King Abdullah Hospital – Jordan University of Science and Technology
[ACCIONA Infraestructuras]
Figure 2: Azraq Refugee Camp
Figure 2: The Azraq refugee camp in Jordan is located 100km east of the capital city of Amman - home to 36,874 registered Syrian refugees.
[Chris Herwig/NRC]
Figure 3: Jerash refugee camp - known locally as Gaza camp - Located 5km from the famous Roman ruins of Jerash - home to approximately 30,000 registered Palestinian refugees.
Figure 3: Jerash refugee camp - known locally as Gaza camp - Located 5km from the famous Roman ruins of Jerash - home to approximately 30,000 registered Palestinian refugees.
[Royal Scientific Society (RSS)]

The Royal Scientific Society is the largest applied research institution, consultancy and technical support service provider in Jordan and is a regional leader in the fields of science & technology. RSS advocates for a customer–centric approach and demonstrates an unwavering commitment to the people of Jordan.

Hosted by UN-Habitat, GWOPA helps water operators help one another to provide quality services to all. GWOPA is an international network created in 2009 to support water operators through Water Operator’s Partnerships (WOPs). WOPs are peer support exchanges between two or more water operators, carried out on a not-for-profit basis with the objective of strengthening operators’ capacity and performance to provide a better service to more people. The project in Jordan will provide valuable insights and experiences that support the work of many water operators involved in combatting and monitoring COVID-19 in cities and communities.

The project is expected to benefit  between 70,000 and 80,000 people, including the scientific community in Jordan, and residents of the Azraq refugee camp - home to 36,874 registered Syrian refugees - and Jerash refugee camp – home to more than 29,000 registered Palestinian refugees – as well as officials from the Ministry of Health (MoH), Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MoWI) and wastewater treatment plant staff.