ICTUrban areas generate around 80 per cent of global GDP. However, this comes at a price as they emit as much as 71-76 percent of energy-related CO2. There is a growing recognition of ICTs’ potential to achieve desired outcomes in urban development and supporting climate change mitigation and adaptation. It can support mitigation by helping some sectors reduce their greenhouse gas emissions through dematerialization, for example through substituting travel with collaborative tools, or removing the need to produce physical products by delivering e-products and services. It can also support adaptation through changes in processes, practices and structures to increase the resilience of natural and human systems to climate change effects.