#Housing2030 and its online repository of best practices makes clear what affordable housing entails: effective governance, strategic land policy, as well as purposeful circuits of investment and active promotion of climate neutral and affordable housing and neighbourhoods. The study draws on the experience of over 100 researchers, policymakers, housing providers and advocates from across the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) region and beyond, to define useful approaches, outline their advantages and disadvantages, and illustrate their practical application. The study involved an extraordinary level of stakeholder engagement, despite the constraints of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
pandemic, using survey instruments, online workshops and podcasts in order to maximize the exchange of policy experience and good practices.
Many useful housing policy tools brought together in this report to promote more affordable, inclusive and climate-neutral housing outcomes are summarized in figure I. The tools are grouped into the four themes of governance, land, finance, and climate neutrality, and are typically combined to shape housing systems to deliver improved housing outcomes.
National, regional and local housing policymakers are encouraged to reflect on the causes of unaffordability and exclusion, and find ways to adapt and combine policy instruments to address local needs and conditions, and above all play a purposeful and long-term role in shaping more affordable and sustainable housing outcomes