The Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme II (PSUP II) is an initiative of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Secretariat, financed by the European Commission (EC) under the Tenth European Development Fund (10th EDF), and implemented by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat). Started on 1st January 2012 with a planned Implementation period of 48 months ending on 31st December 2015, PSUP II is a consolidation and extension of the 9th EDF PSUP I that was launched in 30 ACP countries in February 2008 and ended in December 2011. The Programme has since expanded to 35 countries, involving more than 86 cities. The overall goal of PSUP II is to improve the living conditions of the urban poor and contribute to Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 7, to ‘ensure environmental sustainability’; and, more specifically, Target 7C (halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015) and Target 7D (significantly improve the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers by 2020). In order to achieve this goal, the project purpose is to strengthen local, national and regional decisionmakers, institutional and key urban stakeholders' capacities in slum improvement and prevention by enabling them to identify appropriate responses to increased urbanisation of poverty and to efficiently implement propoor urban policies, city-wide slum upgrading strategies and slum upgrading demonstration projects following an approach of three phases.