The report assesses the statutory and customary land administration systems in the five Darfur states and provides guidance on how to secure land and property rights of the people voluntarily returning to Darfur and of other vulnerable groups - such as IDPs, refugees, women and youth. The report also looks at the functioning of land administration and how it can be improved in a fit-for-purpose, incremental and feasible manner for the benefit of the whole Darfur’s population. An adequate and effective land management system will be essential for supporting Darfur’s transition from the humanitarian to the development phase, ensuring its social and economic development and the success of peace and stabilization efforts. The report is the result of field assessment, interviews and consultations with key informants from key UN organisations, UNAMID, Darfur Land Commission, Voluntary Return and Resettlements Commission, NGOs, government representatives, tribal leaders, native judicial administrations, displaced people, nomads and famers. The report identifies the key land sector stakeholders and institutions, which include the government, customary institutions, non-state actors and the UN agencies. It describes and clarifies land-related policies, land administration systems, dispute-resolution mechanisms, tenure typologies and technical processes, both statutory and customary. It determines gaps in the overall capacity and the capacities needed to face the challenges and it identifies sets of early recommendations, strategies and priorities for action.
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