Action Platform on Urban Electric Mobility Initiative (UEMI)
The transport sector is a vital enabler of economic activity and social connectivity, but is also the second largest and one of the fastest growing energy end-use sectors, representing 23% of global energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. The bulk of energy used by the transport sector (about two-thirds) is accounted for by passenger transport while the rest is consumed by freight transport. According to the International Energy Agency, greater uptake of electric vehicles will form an important part of a low-carbon technology pathway for transport (IEA 2012).
However, the high uptake and adoption of electric vehicles depend on a number of factors, for example: advances in vehicle and battery technologies and reduction in costs from economies of production; the availability of charging infrastructure, increased awareness of citizens and an enabling policy environment and incentives provided by governments including city governments. Also important is the integration of Electric Vehicle Technologies as a part of larger transportation systems in cities (for example, short distance travel by electric vehicles to public transport hubs).
The IEA suggests that if transport is to contribute to a CO2 target consistent with a 2 °C stabilization pathway, technologies such as plug-in hybrid (PHEV), battery electric vehicle (BEV) and fuel cell vehicles (FCEV) will have to increase their market shares substantially over the coming years (figure 1). These three technologies combined would have to reach a market share in annual sales of about 30% of global light-duty vehicles (LDV) sales in a balanced Avoid/Shift/Improve 2 Degrees scenario by 2030.
Many private sector companies are making advances in promoting electric vehicles. However, progress towards a vision of electric vehicles dominating the transportation mix of cities will need the joint efforts of the private sector, national and local governments.
The “Action Platform on Urban Electric Mobility (UEMI)” is an initiative that will bring together these various actors from the “supply” and the “demand” side as described below:
For more information please contact:
Andre Dzikus, Coordinator, Urban Basic Services Branch, UN-Habitat Tel: 254-20-7623060, 7625082