• Total value of UN-Habitat investments (2008-2013): US$ 9,639,085
  • Total number of UN-Habitat projects (2008-2013): n/a
  • Main donors: n/a
  • Implementing partners: Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning, municipalities

Results of the 2011 census in Kosovo show that out of almost 1.8 million citizens, 41% live in cities and towns. Kosovo’s economy is still a problem and poses a great threat to long-term stability. With an estimated unemployment rate of above 30.9% in 2012 and an employment rate of only 25.6%, Kosovo has one of the weakest employment records in Europe.

According to the statistics of Kosovo the poverty rate is 29.7% and there are 6.8% of the population under the social assistance scheme. There are in total 174 informal settlements, which approximately represents 0,643% of the total territory of Kosovo.

General information

Kosovo in a nutshell:

  • Total land area: 10,908 km²
  • Resident population: 1,815,606 estimation (December 2012)
  • Total number of households: 297,090
  • Total number of dwellings: 412,884
  • of which occupied dwellings: 71%
  • Percentage of people living in rural areas: 61%
  • Average size of household: 5.85 persons
  • Population density (people per km2): 177.4

The military conflict of 1999 marked the history of Kosovo and its people, and affected political and economic setting. Post-conflict migration brought many people to cities in the search for jobs, better living conditions and safer environment. Large number of Kosovo citizens commute daily to cities from rural areas for work or education. Since then Kosovo has been facing an unprecedented construction boom and growth of urban areas. This is partly a consequence of the war-time destruction of housing stock, the post-war migration in search of better and /or safer living conditions and employment, and well as the global urbanization trend. To deal with these issues efficiently, municipalities need long term plans to guide their spatial, environmental and economic development in a sustainable way.

UN-Habitat projects in Kosovo

UN-Habitat’s interventions were focused on the establishment of institutions to deal with property and planning issues, such as the Housing and Property Directorate, the Kosovo Cadastre Agency, the Institute for Spatial Planning within the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning.

The other line of interventions went to building capacities for efficient management of local governments through capacity building programmes and on the job assistance:

  • LoGo (Local Government Programme)
  • Municipal Support Programme (MSP 2000-2001)
  • Urban Planning and Management Programme (UPMP, 2001-2003)
  • Governance and Development Planning Programme (GDPP, 2003-2006)
  • Municipal Spatial Planning Support Programme phase 1 (2005-2008)
  • Municipal Spatial Planning Support Programme phase 2 (2008-2011)
  • Municipal Spatial Planning Support Programme phase 3 (2011-2014, ongoing)

The last three programmes are funded by the Swedish Development Cooperation.

UN-Habitat provides institutional support for spatial planning through participatory and inclusive approaches and on the job assistance, and also contributes to the improvement of the built environment in Kosovo, through joint Capital Investment Projects with partner municipalities.

These projects have improved the public spaces in the partner municipalities, through focusing on interventions such as: reducing flood risks in the flood prone areas, pedestrianizing and improving city centers, protection and preservation of natural areas, improvement of water supply, improvement of schoolyards etc.

Spatial planning related publications on:
www.unhabitat-kosovo.org

Upgraded Public Space in Sunny Hill neighbourhood, Prishtina

The project will turn the deserted former green market in Sunny Hill neighbourhood into a multi-functional, appealing public space. The area has a population of around 4,000 inhabitants and is characterized by social housing and private blocks, as well as some small businesses and facilities. Using Minecraft, the Municipality has undertaken a comprehensive participatory process that has involved designing a public space from community information, awareness raising on public space development and management, and collective urban design. The proposal emanating from the participatory process includes a range of facilities that address the needs of various groups, such as greeneries, comfortable resting areas, playgrounds and a skatepark.

Project duration: 2015 - ongoing
Value USD: 80,000
Donor: Mojang
Implementing Partners: Municipality of Prishtina

The bridge over the river in Mitrovica is a symbol of urban and ethnic division between the Serbian and Albanian communities in Kosovo. The project aims to revitalize the city market neighbourhood in Mitrovica North through a participatory public space upgrading process that includes a skeletal revitalisation plan. The project will encompass an assessment and analysis of urban markets by mixed focus groups as a path towards integrated market place development and management to enhance urban regeneration and social cohesion and exchange between the residents and business communities from both Mitrovica North and South.

Project duration: 2015 - ongoing
Value USD: 100,000
Donor: Mojang
Implementing Partners: Mitrovica North and South.

Contacts

UN-HABITAT Pristina Office
Ministries Building "Rilindja" 10th Floor
10000 Prishtina, Kosovo
Phone: +381 38 20032611
Fax: +381 38 224 122
E-mail: info@unhabitat-kosovo.org
Web: www.unhabitat-kosovo.org

Images

Image
kosovo_IMG_9391
Urban planning in Kosovo. © UN-Habitat

Tags

Overview

Since the end of the conflict in Kosovo in 1999, UN-Habitat has been promoting good governance, the security of tenure, sustainable human settlements development, and inclusive spatial planning in Kosovo and the broader region. UN-Habitat’s interventions were focused on the establishment of institutions to deal with property and planning issues, such as the Housing and Property Directorate, the Kosovo Cadastre Agency, the Institute for Spatial Planning within the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning. The other line of interventions went to strengthening capacities for efficient management of local governments through capacity building programmes and on the job assistance. UN-Habitat still provides institutional support for spatial planning through participatory and inclusive approaches, and also contributes to the improvement of the built environment in Kosovo, through joint Capital Investment Projects with partner municipalities and communities.  

** Any reference to Kosovo, whether to the territory, institutions or population, is to be understood in full compliance with Security Council resolution 1244 (1999) and without prejudice to the status of Kosovo.

Overview
Total value of projects
US$ 5,066,532
No. of projects (2014 - 2019)
Total: 5

The conflict of 1999 marked the history of Kosovo and its people and has been affecting the political and economic setting. Post-conflict migration brought many people to cities in the search for jobs, better living conditions and safer environment. A large number of Kosovo citizens commute daily to cities from rural areas for work or education. Since then Kosovo has been facing an unprecedented construction boom, growth of urban areas and continuous degradation of the environment. To deal with these issues efficiently, municipalities need long-term plans to guide their spatial, environmental and economic development in a sustainable way.

Impact
25 Strategic Capital Investment Projects
4 practical training modules
14 programmes in Kosovo
Comprehensive training for Urban Planners  
Urban numbers
A 236 Air Quality Index registered in December 2018 in Pristina generated by high number of cars in the streets, the power plant, and households
The percentage of the total population that is urban is about 50% (Kosovo Institute for Spatial Planning, 2018).
The urban population annual growth rate is 0.00%

Leaving no one and no place behind

Hover over or touch the icons to learn about UN-Habitat's work on social inclusion here.

The UN-Habitat Kosovo programme has extensively been involved in the human rights principle of participation and inclusion, accountability and the rule of law and transparency in support of plans and local policy development, as well as trust-building between institutions and constituencies. Also, Public Space projects looked at improving the Right to the City for All with a focus on women and girls.

Human rights icon

The programme consistently promotes gender mainstreaming towards advancing gender equality and strives to include women and women’s perspectives in all dimensions of programme implementation, monitoring, and impact assessment. Building on the guidelines “Gender mainstreaming in spatial planning” and related experiences by the Kosovo Programme,  capacity development interventions targeting local stakeholders prioritize the provision of skills development and mentoring for female policymakers and practitioners, especially women community and civil society leaders, mayors, and senior public officials.

Gender icon

The Kosovo Programme promotes systematically the inclusion of citizens in the local decision-making processes so as to ensure that future planning processes at neighbourhood- and municipality-level are conflict-, gender- and youth-sensitive. Youth contributed for instance to the development of public space or schoolyard through Minecraft or design workshops that resulted in concrete urban projects.

Children icon

Community input is important to the Kosovo Programme, so is the issue of disability especially when developing sustainable urban mobility plans in selected partner municipalities. The Programme offers inclusive solutions and encourages participation in the public discussion for the hard to reach groups to voice their concerns and offer their planning suggestions as a way for the local government to rehabilitate their needs. Furthermore, the programme has drafted guidelines in the past and promoted the issue of disability and the need for equity in Kosovo’s society

Disability icon

Donors and partners

UN-Habitat presence in Kosovo for the past 20 years has allowed the programme to create a diversity of partnerships with key stakeholders. UN-Habitat has been focusing on enabling state and institutions building, and institutional coordination and cooperation between the different levels vertically and horizontally. The programme has implemented activities or supported all 38 municipalities of Kosovo in their efforts of local governance, spatial planning, and improvement of urban conditions for citizens. In-house project development and local-tailored methodologies and tools, aiming to further enhance the local planning capacities, was also fuelled with a dedicated partnership with universities. By empowering and bringing in the civil society and communities, the programme also contributed to developing more responsive solutions, policies and plans.

 

Contact

Gwendoline Mennetrier
Chief Technical Advisor
Programme Division, UN-Habitat Kosovo Office
Gwendoline.Mennetrier@un.org
Ministries Building "Rilindja", 10th Floor 10000 Pristina, Kosovo
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