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Urban Themes

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Legislation

Although needed for sound urban development, legal systems are among the major impediments preventing urban innovation. Read more about challenges relating to urban legislation and UN-Habitat's initiatives in that domain.
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Mobility

Despite the increasing level of urban mobility worldwide, access to places has become increasingly difficult, and dependency on cars and other motorized transport is growing. Read more about today's mobility challenges and how UN-Habitat is addressing them.

Housing & slum upgrading

Today, 24% of the world's urban population lives in slums, and by 2030, about 3 billion people will be in need of proper housing. Find out more about what UN-Habitat is doing to overcome the housing challenges.
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Safety

60% of all urban residents in developing countries have been victims of crime at least once over the past five years. Read more about safety in urban areas and about how UN-Habitat is addressing this challenge.
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Climate Change

Cities are not only one of the main causes of climate change but are also heavily vulnerable to the consequences. Find out more about why and how cities should address climate change, and how UN-Habitat can help.

Gender

Despite the many opportunities offered by cities, women and men do not benefit equally from urbanization, with women generally being more vulnerable and excluded. Read more about UN-Habitat's initiatives addressing gender issues.
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Planning & Design

Rapid urbanization in the developing world and current car-centred cities are bringing about many challenges in the spatial distribution of people and resources. Learn more about how smart urban planning and design can enhance our cities.
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Economy

Cities are the main creators of economic wealth, generating on average 75 per cent of a country’s GDP. Find out more about the urban economic challenges ranging from employment to municipal finance, as well as UN-Habitat's initiatives regarding urban economy.
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Reconstruction

The world has witnessed an increasing series of disasters which have resulted in the dramatic loss of human life, and the destruction of homes and infrastructure. Learn more about UN-Habitat's reconstruction work and solutions.
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Resilience

Many urban residents are highly vulnerable to natural disasters such as earthquakes, storm surges and tsunamis. Read more about the current and future challenges and the ways to improve the resilience of our cities.
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Governance

Urban governance can be defined as the many ways that institutions and individuals organize the day-to-day management of a city, and the processes used for effectively realizing the short term and long-term agenda of a city’s development.
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Water & Sanitation

Challenges related to water and sanitation in cities will magnify in the future due to an ever growing urban population. Find out more about the challenges and the ways to address them, as well as UN-Habitat's solutions.
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Land

Addressing land issues is key to laying the foundation of sound urban development. Find out more about the consequences of either lack of or excessive regulations, as well as UN-Habitat's approach to address the land challenges.
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Youth

By 2030, as many as 60% of all urban dwellers will be under the age of 18. Find out more about youth and the challenges they are facing, as well as UN-Habitat's initiatives and solutions for the younger generation.
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Energy

Energy is needed for urban development, but current reliance on fossil fuels brings up a number of challenges such as pollution and depletion of resources. UN-Habitat therefore helps cities to develop sustainable energy action plans.
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