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11.a Urban-rural linkages
Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning
Indicator 11.a.1 Number of countries that are developing and implementing a National Urban Policy or Regional Development Plans that (a) respond to population dynamics, (b) ensure balanced territorial development, and (c) increase local fiscal space
National Urban Policies and Regional Development Plans (NUP-RDP) promote coordinated urban development. This indicator is measurable: UN-Habitat has worked for over five years to develop tools for its measurability. It is also implementable: UN-Habitat has been working in over 40 countries to support the development and implementation of policies and plans. NUP-RDP are fundamental to build linkages between human settlements of various sizes within a national system of cities. They can bring together sectorial policies; connect national and sub-national governments; and strengthen urban, peri-urban, and rural links.
NUP-RDP are excellent tools for resource allocation across cities to reduce spatial inequalities. Numerous tools are available which contain existing data on national urban policy and regional development plans and can act as key elements of a methodological framework for this indicator.
In the countries where NUP and RDP are being implemented, harmonious development of the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainability can be more easily achieved
- 152 countries (76% of the world) have or are developing a National Urban Policy
- Information for 135 countries can disaggregated by key themes of the sustainability agenda
- National Urban Policies contribute to define a more structured and efficient system of cities, in which each human settlements play an important role in national development