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11.7 Public space
By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities
Indicator 11.7.1 Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities
Cities function in an efficient, equitable and sustainable manner only when private and public spaces work in a symbiotic relation to enhance each other. Public space generates equality, however in the past decades it has been drastically been reduced. Inadequate, poorly designed, or privatized public spaces generate exclusion and marginalization.
Public space is made of streets and open spaces in public use. Streets compose the largest proportion of public space in cities (75 per cent). Public spaces, including streets, are drivers of economic development and generate substantial economic value. Well-planned and managed public spaces have positive impacts on the price of nearby residential and commercial properties. They are also critical for environmental sustainability. City-wide policies and strategies should ensure planning, design and management of public spaces at different scales.
Public Spaces sustain the social inclusion, the civic identity and the quality of life of the city
- Public space measured in streets account for 20.8% of the urban surface of the newly built areas of the cities (1990-2015). In early 1990s, this proportion was 25%
- Sub-Saharan Africa has the least proportion of public space dedicated to streets with only 16 per cent of the built-up area. On the contrary, cities of the Middle East and North African region have 26 per cent in 2015
Indicator 11.7.2 Proportion of persons victim of physical or sexual harassment, by sex, age, disability status and place of occurrence, in the previous 12 months