ROAS Urban Legislation, Land and Governance
Countries in the Arab region often lack efficient legal and institutional capacities to organize the extension of urban space. Inefficient policies and defunct governmental structures resulted in high percentages of informal land, the sprawl of unplanned areas and insecurity of tenure and property rights. These problems are aggravated by often very centralized and rigid administrative processes which left municipalities incapable to manage the dynamics of rapid urbanization in a sustainable way.
At the same time inhabitants and slum dwellers are often not perceived as rights-holders and lack access to local decision making processes. Within this focus area UN-Habitat develops legislation, mechanisms and capacity as needed to make affordable land available at a pace to match urbanization and to strengthen the role of the communities in this process.