ROAS Urban Basic Services

In order to keep up with ever increasing urbanization, governments in most Arab countries face the challenge of providing increased access to land and provide for sufficient urban basic services and infrastructure. In general, access to services and infrastructure as well as health and education facilities is better in cities than in rural areas. However, cities lack resources and the management capacity to cope with increasing demands for service provision and as a result some neighbourhoods are left without access to drinking water and sanitation, energy services, transport and public facilities, leading to unsatisfying and sometimes dangerous environments for their inhabitants. A lack of sufficient public transport systems also translates into less mobility for some social groups, which excludes them from a large part of the city.

Lebanon: Enhancing the Role of Unions of Municipalities to Respond to Refugees’ & Host Communities’ Needs


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