The concept Mobility of Care was coined in 2008 by Professor Inés Sánchez de Madariaga as a result of a research project she carried out for the Spanish Ministry of Infrastructure (Sánchez de Madariaga, 2009). This research project involved a gender analysis of the main Spanish transport surveys. The objective was to identify gender bias throughout the process of data collection, categorization, analysis, and representation. The main four Spanish transport statistics were analysed: one produced at the national level for all metropolitan areas in the country, published by the Ministry of Infrastructure; one for the metropolitan region of Madrid; and two for the Region of Catalonia.

This concept was then applied to a survey of commuters in Nairobi to assess how the Nairobi public transport system supports the mobility of care. The results of the survey were then used to develop recommendations for improvement in the industry.